Uncovering the Hidden

Bronfman, Bush, Cheney
Seagrams, Zapata, Brown & Root


After serving as Secretary of Defense for President Bush, Cheney reaped the financial rewards of the revolving money door between the military and industry. Cheney became a member of the board of directors of Morgan Stanley.  the Union Pacific Corp., Procter & Gamble Co. and Electronic Data Systems Corp. (Ross Perot company) But, most important, in 1995 Cheney became the CEO of Halliburton (owner of Brown and Root) ( Cheney, the chairman of the board, holds a $45.5 million stake as Halliburton's biggest individual stockholder. Brown and Root reaped multi-millions from the Bosnia war.

In 1998 Richard Cheney got the idea that Halliburton should purchase Dresser Industries, for $8.1 billion (creating the world's largest oil-drilling services company) while on a quail hunt with Dresser chair Bill Bradford.  Dresser and Halliburton merged.  Dresser Industries was owned and operated by Brown Brothers Harriman. Prescott Bush (George H.W.'s father) was a partner of Brown Brothers and on the board of Dresser for decades until he became a U.S. Senator.


PERMINDEX was a corporate front, headed by Major Louis M. Bloomfield of Canada.  Clay Shaw operated a division of PERMINDEX in New Orleans at the International Trade Mart. The connections between Clay Shaw, David Ferrie and Lee Harvey Oswald have, at this time, been proven by documentary and photographic evidence, despite myriad attempts to discredit the Garrison investigation.

Halliburton was one of the financiers of PERMINDEX. George and Herman Brown of Brown and Root were also financiers. Halliburton acquired Brown and Root after 1963.  In the Nomenclature of an Assassination Cabal, William Torbitt, states:

The principal financiers of Permindex were a number of U. S. oil companies, H. L. Hunt of Dallas, Clint Murchison of Dallas, John DeMenil, Solidarist director of Houston, John Connally as executor of the Sid Richardson estate, Haliburton Oil Co., Senator Robert Kerr of Oklahoma, Troy Post of Dallas, Lloyd Cobb of New Orleans, Dr. Oschner of New Orleans, George and Herman Brown of Brown and Root, Houston, Attorney Roy M. Cohn, Chairman of the Board for Lionel Corporation, New York City, Schenley Industries of New York City, Walter Dohrnberger, ex-Nazi General and his company, Bell Aerospace, Pan American World Airways, its subsidiary, Intercontinental Hotel Corporation, Paul Raigorodsky of Dallas through his company, Claiborne Oil of New Orleans, Credit Suisse of Canada, Heineken's Brewery of Canada and a host of other munition makers and NASA contractors directed by the Defense Industrial Security Command.

PERMINDEX was the operator of death squads in Europe, Mexico, Central American, the Caribbean and the United States.  The persons and corporations who worked with PERMINDEX took over the government of the United States of America on November 22, 1963.  The perpetrators have never been brought to justice, and now Halliburton, a Permindex backer, thus and financer of the ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT KENNEDY, has one of its own, Dick Cheney,  trying to be the Vice President of the United States.


Researchers of the JFK assassination have tried since 1963 to determine if George H.W. Bush had any intelligence role in November 1993.  Efforts to conclusively prove that George H. W. Bush was a CIA agent at that time have been futile. Efforts to conclusively prove that he was directly involved with the Cuban exiles have also been futile. This is so, despite the close proximity of the Zapata oil platform to Cuba and the naming of boats for the Bay of Pigs invasion, notably the "Barbara."  However, the financial and corporate structures which have financed George H.W. Bush and now his son, can be conclusively proven by documents.  

The following article by Linda Minor is an analysis of these financial and corporate roots of the Bush family political and financial fortune.  Note how these roots lead to the Harrimans, British Intelligence (right-wing variety) and to Halliburton and Brown and Root, thus to PERMINDEX. 

by Linda Minor © 2000

Who were the clients of Brown Brothers Harriman when Prescott Bush and his wife's father, George H. Walker, worked for them?  It was these investors who funded George H.W. Walker's campaigns.  His biggest contributors were his uncle Herbie Walker, formerly of St. Louis, and Eugene Meyer, whose father spent his entire career working for a competing investment bank--Lazard Freres--or Lazard Brothers, as it was called in London.

The Bush family ties to the Lairds and Lords of Scotland and England.

Lazard Brothers was controlled by officials in the British government.  It was always the investment bank of David Rockefeller.  And, besides Meyer and Walker, George Bush's other large investor in Bush-Overbey was British Assets Trust, Ltd., an investment company whose directors interlocked with the management of companies associated with Lord Kindersley, such as Hudson's Bay Company.  The chairman of British Assets Trust in 1956 was J.G.S. Gammell in Edinburgh, Scotland, and in 1985 by J.C.R. Inglis, a partner in Shepherd & Wedderburn, WS, an Edinburgh law firm.  Inglis was also a director of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group, Scottish Provident Institution for Mutual Life Assurance, Edinburgh American Assets Trust and Atlantic
Assets Trust, as well as chairman of European Assets, N.V.,  Gammell also had served as director of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group, as did such other notables as The Right Hon. Lord Balfour of Burleigh, The Right Hon. Lord Clydesmuir and The Right Hon. Lord Polwarth.  Polwarth, incidentally, began serving as a director of the Halliburton Company, parent of Brown & Root, in 1974.

The Bush family continued to amass its fortune an power from the British and Scottish sources named above, as these sources introduced their financial tentacles into Texas, and as George H.W. Bush and Barbara drove that old red Studebaker into Houston.  Has anything changed?  Do the same people run the selection of Dick Cheney as Vice President today?  Will their scion, that old Skull & Bonesman, George W. be annointed?  

The PERMINDEX connection to the Bush power moves.

Paravicini Bank and Permindex

In the same year that Zapata and Pennzoil were moving toward hostile takeovers, a new Swiss bank opened in Houston with J. Hugh Liedtke and   George Bush's securities adviser, W.S. Farish III, among the directors.   Called "Bank for Investment and Credit Berne" (BICB), its stock was owned by  Capital National Bank and Paravicini Bank, but investors included Seagrams,   Boeing, Minute Maid in Zurich, the London subsidiary of Brown and Root and   the Schlesinger Organization of London and Johannesburg.  These investors   are more than interesting in light of the fact that Paravicini is a   descendant of the Venetian Pallavicini family, whose attorney in Rome,
Carlo   d'Amelio, was the general counsel to Centro Mondiale Commerciale (CMC),
the  Italian arm of Permindex.  CMC was incorporated in Berne Switzerland, and D'  Amelio sat on the board of directors during the time that Seagrams'   attorney, Louis Mortimer Bloomfield of Montreal, was chairman of  Permindex.

When the role of CMC in the attempted assassination of President DeGaulle of  France was discovered, it fled Europe and re-emerged in Johannesburg,  South Africa.  However, the parent company, Permindex, continued to be managed from Montreal by Bloomfield.  Clay Shaw, the man prosecuted in New  Orleans   by Jim Garrison for his role in the Kennedy assassination, was also a  board member of CMC, with which his International Trade Mart had connections.

According to a 1970 report called "The Torbitt Document," (, William Torbitt, states: "...a compilation of information gathered by a Texas attorney from "court-approved and  documented evidence" from sources in the U.S. Customs Department and the Narcotics Bureau, from the Warren Commission and the Garrison investigations, Bloomfield's Permindex Corp. supervised five subsidiary groups: 

(1) "White Russian" organization called the Solidarists--members Ferenc Nagy of Dallas (former Hungarian premier) and Jean De Menil of Houston (head of   Schlumberger);

(2)  American Council of Churches--H.L. Hunt organization;

(3)  Free Cuba Committee--Carlos Prio Soccaras (Cuban ex-president);

(4)  "The Syndicate"--Clifford Jones and Bobby Baker working with Joe  Bonanno Mafia family; 

(5) NASA's Security Division--Werner Von Braun, headquarters in Redstone Arsenal in Muscle Shoals, Alabama and on East Broad Street in Columbus, Ohio.
The Kennedy assassination was planned and carried out by Division Five of   the FBI, which acted in conjunction with the Defense Intelligence Agency   under the control of the Joint Chiefs.  These divisions had a highly secret   police agency called the Defense Industrial Security Command, which also  worked with NASA, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), USIA and weapons and  ammunition supply corporations (munitions makers) which contract with  those   agencies.  The police force originated in the 1930's to work for the Tennessee Valley Authority, then expanded to the AEC, tying it in with army intelligence.  Agents of this force included Clay Shaw, Guy Bannister, David Ferrie, Lee Harvey Oswald, Jack Ruby and others, and was headed up by Bloomfield.  

According to the Torbitt report:  

The principal financiers of Permindex were a number of U.S. oil companies,   H.L. Hunt, Clint Murchison, John De Menil, Solidarist director of Houston,  John Connally, as executor of Sid Richardson estate, Haliburton [sic] Oil Co., Sen. Robert Kerr of Okla., Troy Post of Dallas, Lloyd Cobb of New   Orleans, Dr. Oechner of New Orleans, George and Herman Brown of Brown & Root, Attorney Roy M. Cohn, Chairman of the Board for Lionel Corp., New York City, Schenley Industries of New York City, Walter Dornberger, ex-Nazi  general and his company, Bell Aerospace, Pan American World Airways and its   subsidiary, Intercontinental Hotel Corp., Paul Raigorodsky of
Claiborne Oil of New Orleans, Credit Suisse of Canada, and Heineken's Brewery of
Canada  and a host of other munitions makers and NASA contractors directed by
the Defense Industrial Security Command. 


Roy Cohn was a very close friend of Lewis Rosenstiel, who was in turn a   friend of Sam Bronfman.  Bloomfield was also president of Heineken of  Canada.  What these companies seem to have in common is their  shareholders,  directors and financiers.  They are the same persons who invested in  Bush-Overbey, Zapata and Dresser Industries through the investment trusts  they controlled. The 1992 edition of Dope, Inc. (a LaRouche publication) has this to say about the banks involved:

Both Seagram's (and its old Prohibition rum-running partner, Hudson's Bay)   are interlocked through a maze of contacts with all five of the big Canadian chartered banks:  the Bank of Montreal, the Royal Bank of Canada, the  Bank  of Nova Scotia, the Toronto Dominion Bank, and  the Canadian Imperial Bank  of Commerce.  Thus, the dirty money gleaned from the drug trade is conduited   through these banks to points further south:  The banks' offshore centers in  the Caribbean, and from there the money makes its whirlpool round of  worldwide laundering.
The chairman of this Houston-based international investment bank, BICB,  whose investors included Seagrams and the Schlesinger mining interests in   South Africa, was Johan F. (Fred) Paravicini.   Vice-chairman was L.F.   McCollum, Sr.-a long-time Humble Oil employee, who headed Conoco and  founded Capital National Bank of Houston in 1965.  The bank's president was Baker  Lovett, cousin of James A. Baker III, and grandson of the first president of Rice University, Odell Lovett, a friend of Woodrow Wilson at Princeton.

In an interview with the Houston Post, Baker stated that his experience of 15   years in banking indicated that Houston had a relatively short supply of  money, and that venture capital had to come from New England-from "more  mature economies."  He believed a bank "should dedicate a portion of its resources to relatively risky situations because it's those which  sometimes  really pay off." As the 1980s showed, however, it was also that type of   investment that resulted in the bailout of the savings and loan industry. 

In addition to its investment in the BICB set up by Conoco's chairman, Seagrams also owned a great deal of stock in Conoco and caused a major eruption with DuPont in 1981 over who would control the company.  Seagrams   was interested in Conoco because it owned a 53% interest in Hudson's Bay Oil  and Gas Co. in Canada.  Since it had recently received $2.3 billion cash profit from the sale of Sunoco stock, with which it had tried and failed to purchase control of DuPont's St. Joe Minerals, the Scottish-financed  liquor  barons at Seagrams saw another chance to grab something prized by the New Englanders-control of Conoco.

In 1969 W.S. Farish III was 31 years old and was a partner in the  investment   companies of Underwood Neuhaus and W.S. Farish & Co., through which he   handled millions of dollars of his family's wealth in addition to George   Bush's blind trust.  Farish was also serving as president of a company  called Fluorex, an international mineral and exploration company, and in  1973 also became a director of Houston Natural Gas.   He was the only  grandson of one of the founders of Humble Oil, W.S. Farish, Sr., who had   been chairman of Standard Oil of New Jersey prior to World War II. W.A.   Harriman & Co. helped Jersey Standard finance a merger with I.G. Farben,
the  German chemical corporation which manufactured the gas used to  exterminate
so many Jews. 

Lehman Brothers, which had an office in Capital National Bank's building at 1300 Main-on the same floor, incidentally, as George Bush's friend (and  later, Commerce Secretary, Robert Mosbacher), was represented on the  board  of the Capital National and its international investment branch.  One director was Lehman Brothers partner, John B. Carter, Jr., and another  was director I.H. "Denny" Kempner III, heir to the Imperial Sugar fortune,  whose brother was a Lehman representative in Houston.

The Kempner brothers' mother was Mary Carroll Kempner, a granddaughter of
W.T. Carter and sister of W.T. Carter, Jr., whose wife was Lillie  Neuhaus,  making them first cousins of Victor J. Carter.   Lillie was a niece of  C.L.   Neuhaus and W. Oscar Neuhaus, the founders of Neuhaus & Co. (later  Underwood   Neuhaus).  Oscar's son, Hugo, married Kate Rice, Libbie Farish's cousin,  and after W.S. and Libbie's son died in 1943, their daughter-in-law, Mary  Wood   Farish, married Kate Neuhaus' son.  The Oscar Neuhaus who became trustee for  the wealthy Cullen family and secretary of a joint venture between  Dresser and Cullen interests, was a key member of the Neuhaus/Farish banking   interests-which thus had control of Cullen/Dresser real estate matters in downtown Houston.  This relationship resulted in the construction of a
complex of office buildings in the southwest part of downtown leased to Dresser, Cullen/Frost Bank, Enron, Oppenheimer & Co. and assorted other interesting companies. The Carter family also were investment bankers in  Houston.

Still another director of Capital Bank was Bill Barziza, a descendant of   Decimus et Ultimus Barziza, founder of Houston Land & Trust, which has since merged into First International Bank.  This ancestor was the son of a  Venetian count and French-Canadian mother, born in Williamsburg, Virginia,  who, during the Civil War, had been captured at Gettysburg and smuggled  through the Confederate underground to Canada where he was returned to Houston via the blockade route through Bermuda.
The decision to form a partnership with Paravicini may have also been influenced by another Lehman representative-William Mellon Hitchcock--grandson of William Larimer Mellon, founder of Gulf Oil, and   nephew of banker Andrew Mellon.  Bush's partners in Zapata were the sons  of   William Liedtke, Sr.-one of the "highest ranking lawyers in Gulf Oil  Corp."

Billy Mellon Hitchcock worked from 1961 to 1967 for "his father's mentor,"   Bobby Lehman of Lehman Brothers in Manhattan.   Fred Paravicini began an illegal trading relationship with Billy in 1965, for which they were not   indicted until 1973-Hitchcock in February and Paravicini in June.  Hitchcock pled guilty in April.   He then appears to have disappeared from sight.

What Hitchcock shows us is a classic fondi member, educated at Harvard,   trained at Lazard Brothers during Lord Cowdray's tenure, who while vacationing in Venice, is recruited to work for CIA-connected investment  bank with connections to the Bronfman family by a member of his father's  polo team!  How did he manage to get caught?  These people never get  caught.

But what was never followed up on was how Hitchcock and Paravicini were connected to Conoco, Seagrams, Standard Oil, Brown & Root and the  Schlesinger mines in Johannesburg.  These connections lead straight to  Permindex, the Bronfmans and to the Dallas oil men funding the JFK  assassination.  They also lead to George Bush through W.S.  Farish-investor   of his blind trust.

The Pearson Group and Texas oil men.

Although it has never been proven that Farish, Liedtke or George Bush had any background in intelligence operations before Bush was appointed  director of the CIA by Gerald Ford in 1976, an inference can be made just by reviewing the associations that existed in the Texas oil community in the 1960s. Billy's training as an investment banker had taken place at the English branch of Lazard Freres, which has been shown to be closely tied to  one of George Bush's original investors, Eugene Meyer, and to Everett DeGolyer, a Dresser director who had spent most of his career working for  Sir Weetman Pearson (Viscount Cowdray). DeGolyer left his job at Amerada  Petroleum in New York and moved to Dallas where he established a  geological consulting firm called DeGolyer and MacNaughton and served from 1954  until his death in 1956 on the board of Dresser Industries in Dallas.  He was  replaced on the board by his partner, Lewis W. MacNaughton, who remained until 1969. Lewis MacNaughton was also a director of Empire Trust, a company whose  largest single holding of stock was comprised of Loeb-Lehman, Bache and Bronfman holdings, in which Edgar Bronfman became a director in 1963. 

Edgar  Bronfman, Sr. married the daughter of John L. Loeb (Loeb, Rhoades), who  was himself married to a Lehman.   A vice-president of Empire Trust in Dallas  was Jack Crichton (also president of Nafco Oil & Gas, Inc.) who was  connected with Army Reserve Intelligence.    In a 1995 book written by  Fabian Escalante, the chief of a Cuban counterintelligence unit during  the  late 1950s and early 1960s, he describes that as soon as intelligence was  received from agents in Cuba that Fidel Castro had "converted to  communism,"  a plan called "Operation 40" was put into effect by the National Security  Council, presided over by Vice-President Richard Nixon.  Escalante
 indicates that Nixon was the Cuban "case officer" who had assembled an important group of  businessmen headed by George Bush and Jack Crichton, both Texas oilmen, to  gather the necessary funds for the operation.  Nixon was a protégé of Bush's father Preston [sic] who in 1946 had supported Nixon's bid for Congress. In fact, Preston Bush was the campaign strategist that brought Eisenhower  and Nixon to the presidency of the United States.  With such patrons, [Tracy] Barnes was certain that failure was impossible.  

According to Peter Dale Scott, Crichton arranged for Marina Oswald to have Ilya Mamantov as her interpreter when she was questioned after Oswald's  arrest.  Mamantov also taught scientific Russian classes at Magnolia Oil   Co. Lee and Marina Oswald first met the Paines at a party at the home of   Richard Pierce and Everett Glover where practically all the guests worked for Magnolia Oil. The guests included a German named Volkmar Schmidt who came to Dallas in 1961 to do geological research at Magnolia's  laboratories  in nearby Duncanville.

MacNaughton's personal accountant was George Bouhe, who also worked at  the
Tolstoy Foundation with Paul Raigorodsky-a man involved with the National Alliance of Solidarists.  Bouhe was closely tied to George DeMohrenschildt, who later became famous as the White Russian assigned to "handle" Lee  Harvey Oswald in Dallas. It was DeMohrenschildt who had taken the Oswalds to a   party where they met Volkmar Schmidt, and then a later party at the same house where they met Michael Paine.  DeMohrenschildt was also the one in  charge of getting Marina a place to stay at Ruth Paine's home, and it was Ruth Paine who found Oswald the job at the book depository office in the  building owned by Jack Crichton's friend.  

DeMohrenschildt also was involved with the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia in Dallas which received  subsidies from the Baird Foundation, which was determined to be a CIA  conduit by the Patman House Select Committee hearings [cf. New York
Times,  March 5, 1967, p. 36].

 DeMohrenschildt immigrated to the U.S. in 1938, having been involved in  espionage with the OSS and probably with the Nazis.   He had a doctorate  in  commerce from the University of Liege, Belgium, when he came to the  United  States at age 27 where his brother Dmitry was a professor at Dartmouth,  having degrees from Columbia and Yale.   While visiting his brother and  American sister-in-law at Bellport, near East Hampton, on the eastern,  ocean  tip of Long Island, DeMohrenschildt met many influential people,  including  stockbroker Jack and Janet Bouvier (Jackie's parents).  He was also a  friend of Margaret Clark Williams, whose family had vast land holdings in   Louisiana, who gave him a letter of introduction to Humble Oil.

 DeMohrenschildt came to Texas by bus "where he got a job with Humble Oil Company in Houston, thanks to family connections," and, "[d]espite being friends with the chairman of the board of Humble," he worked as a  roughneck in the Louisiana oil fields.  DeMohrenschildt came to Texas in 1944 and got a master's degree in petroleum geology at the University of Texas at Austin.  For a time he worked overseas
for the Murchisons' Three States Oil and Gas  and for Pantipec, an oil  company owned by William F. Buckley, Jr.'s father operated in Mexico at  the same time Sir Weetman Pearson (later Viscount Cowdray) and DeGolyer were  there running the Mexican Eagle.  In fact, Buckley and his brother were the  attorneys for the Mexican oil companies after their properties were taxed  illegally by the Mexican government.   According to William Engdahl, Pearson  worked for British Secret Intelligence, "as did all other major British oil  groups."  They had financed and put in power the regime of General Victoriano Huerta, subsequently overthrown by President Woodrow Wilson,  who  was supporting the objectives of Standard Oil in attempting to take from  Britain at least a portion of its concessions for half of Mexico's oil.

The U.S. under Rockefeller cover sent money and arms to Carranza.

Notes (The Deep Politics of the Bush Family Political Empire by Linda Minor © 2000):

Pete Brewton, The Mafia, the CIA and George Bush,  p. 137. Brewton's information came from two articles in the Houston Post-dated April 25, 1969 and January 11, 1970.  The earlier article, naming the corporate  investors in the new bank, had no by-line.

Dope, Inc. (1992), p. 459.
Dope , Inc., p. 256. The Royal Bank of Canada is said by the EIR  writers of Dope, Inc. to be the dirtiest bank, followed closely by the Bank of  Nova  Scotia, of which Bronfman aide and Zionist, R.D. Wolfe, is a director.  This  bank is also involved in the financing of business in Jamaica tied to the  arms trade, as well as being tied to the Canadian gold markets through an interlock with Noranda Mines.  The gold exchange also serves as a means of   payment for the illegal weapons trade. 

The Paracinis.

The Paravicinis are the descendants, most likely, of Sir Horatio  Pallavacino, who filled the post of Venetian ambassador to England -- which had been vacant for 50 years or so -- in 1603 when James VI of Scotland became  James I of Great Britain.  Pallavicino was the head of an intelligence  service which "was at the disposal of Cecil, as, presumably, was his money." See David Cherry, The Found of Englands Civil Warres Discover'd, as cited in   Al and Rachel Douglas's manuscript on Venice.     The "more mature economies" he referred to in New England were those  which   began with the first life insurance company established in America in 1762  by the Presbyterian Ministers Fund.  The managers brought in to oversee this fund were members of British banking families such as the Bevans of  Barclays Bank-which was later to assimilate most of the country and colonial banks into its London bank.  Through these family and social contacts, connections  arose between the Canadian banks, Scottish banks, the Far East, South  Africa, the Caribbean and New England.  These same families also had strong ties to the Carolinas which was originally settled by a great number of Scottish emigrants who retained strong ties to the mother country.   Another chapter will detail fondi control of this and other companies  founded by John Henry Kirby-railroads, lumber, oil and banking interests financed by Brown Brothers of Baltimore and the Maryland Trust.  This representative was James Carroll Kempner .  See Harold M.Hyman, Oleander Odyssey, p. 217.  It had been the tradition in the Kempner  family   for the sons to attend Harvard, then spend a year in Paris before
coming  back to Texas to help with the family business.   Mary later married Lawrence Reed.  Mary's aunt was Frankie Carter  Randolph, who became the famous liberal Democrat who mentored Billie Carr in  liberal Texas politics. Julius V. Neuhaus (Lillie Neuhaus Carter's brother) married Laura  Boettcher, whose family brokerage company also came into the company in 1985  when Larry Johnson and Tom Masterson came into the company. 

The Mischer connections to George H. W. Bush.

Connections can   be shown between Larry Johnson, General Homes and Walter Mischer - a close   friend and fund-raiser for George Bush-through an assortment of
complicated   corporate relationships.
He was the founder of Houston Land & Trust Company, the first trust  institution in the State of Texas. Marie Phelps McAshan, On the Corner of Main and Texas:  A Houston Legacy (Houston:  Gulf Publishing Co.,
1985),  p. 130; Marguerite Johnston, Houston, the Unknown City, 1836-1946 (College Station:  Texas A&M University Press, 1991), pp. 75 and 404fn.  The name   "Barziza" is similar in sound to "Barozzi," which was the name of one of the case vecchie that existed in Venice [Allen and Rachel Douglas, manuscript   entitled "Venice: The Fondi.and related matters", p. 12]

Thomas Petzinger, Jr., Oil & Honor:  The Texaco-Pennzoil Wars (G. P. Putnam's Sons:  New York), p. 36.  Incidentally, Allen Dulles, before  becoming director of the CIA, had been legal counsel to Gulf Oil for  Latin   American operations, as well as counsel to Prescott Bush at Brown  Brothers   Harriman.  Webster Griffin Tarpley and Anton Chaitkin, George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography (EIR:  Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 148-49). John  McCloy also represented Gulf in 1975 when the scandal involving bribery and payoffs of elected officials occurred.  Billy's father, Tommy Hitchcock, a Harvard graduate, had become a Lehman Brothers partner in 1937 but within two years became an air attaché in the U.S. Embassy and then a pilot in Carl Spaatz' Ninth Air Support Command, where he was chief of tactical research.  His plane went down in 1944,  when his twin sons, Billy and Tommy were only five.  He had learned to fly  during  the First World War when he had served in the Lafayette Escadrille as a seventeen-year-old and had been caught behind German lines, escaped from a prison train and hobbled a hundred miles into Switzerland. The
Hitchcocks  were "gentry, a clan whose way of living 'depicted the English country
life,'" in Aiken, South Carolina, where Billy spent his visits fox hunting and playing polo. According to Billy, his grandfather had gone to Oxford,  and his great-grandfather had been financial editor of the New York Sun,  married to a descendant of William Corcoran, an "eminent Georgetown financier."  Billy and his brother attended boarding school in South  Carolina, a place run like an English public school.  In the mid-50s
he got  a job as a tool dresser on oil rigs in Pecos, Texas (which is a short distance from Midland where George Bush was living and working for a  Dresser subsidiary), then at a refinery near Vienna, Austria.  Billy had been at  Harvard before Harvard professor Timothy Leary took his first LSD trip in 1960, but he met Leary in 1964 after Leary had returned from Mexico where he  had been doing psychedelic research with Aldous Huxley.  In fact, Billy rented his family country estate in New York to Leary to continue his drug  experiments 

New York Times, June 8, 1973. Darwin Payne, Initiative in Energy:  Dresser Industries, Inc.1880-1978 (New York:  Simon and Schuster, 1979), pp. 232 and 388.  DeGolyer's death  was reported in a December 15, 1956 Houston Post article, which stated that   he "shot himself to death Friday in his Dallas office. His death was ruled  a  suicide. No immediate reason for DeGolyer's act could be determined.  However, DeGolyer's son, E.L. DeGolyer, Jr. said his father had been in ill health for seven years and for the last two years suffered from aplastic  anemia, a disease similar to leukemia.  He said his father required  frequent  blood transfusions, having had the most recent one about four weeks ago.

DeGolyer had other difficulties, his son said, including an operation for  a detached retina in 1949, which was not successful and left him without  the  sight of one eye."  None of those facts answers the question of why, at  that  particular time, he chose to kill himself.  He had endured all those trials for years and survived optimistically.  In the year before DeGolyer died,  two men began buying land in the area of town which is now the location of   the Galleria Shopping Center.  One was the son of Grover J. Geiselman, an  independent oil man who officed at Suite 849 of the Houston Club
Building,  where both Farish and Bush were located during this time.  Eventually
Geiselman conveyed his half interest to the other buyer, J.S. Michael,  who in 1961 deeded to the estate of E.L. DeGolyer for a nominal sum,  indicating  they may have been holding title for him all along.  Further indication of   this is the deed in 1969 to Stephen T. Cochran, Trustee, executed by both  Geiselman, Jr. and J.S. Michael, as well as Nell DeGolyer and First National  Bank in Dallas, Trustees for the estate, as well as the three daughters and their husbands.  All were joint payees on one promissory note.  This land ended up having frontage on either side of the West Loop, which was constructed through the tracts, which were purchased for a pittance
from  Italians who had owned the land for decades.

 DeGolyer's death is reminiscent of  the death of Howard R. Hughes, Sr.,   which was reported in a Houston Post January 15, 1949 "Post Yesteryears  15 Years Ago" column.  The article stated:  "Howard R. Hughes, 54,  millionaire Houston manufacturer, and a brother of Rupert Hughes, the novelist, died  suddenly in his office at the Humble building yesterday.  Born in  Lancaster,  Mo., Mr. Hughes graduated from Harvard university in 1897..As a young  Harvard graduate, Mr. Hughes entered the oil industry in the Old Sour Lake  field and almost immediately began inventing oil well tools.  Oil men
said  that he, more than any other man in America, was responsible for  revolutionizing the oil industry.  In association with W.B. Sharp of  Houston, the Sharp-Hughes Tool company was launched by Mr. Hughes, and on  Mr. Sharp's retirement, the concern became the Hughes Tool company which is  known wherever drillers operate."

Stephen Birmingham, "Our Crowd":  The Great Jewish Families of New York (New York:  Dell Publishing Co., 1967), pp. 444-445. 

Dick Russell, The Man Who Knew Too Much (New York:  Carroll & Graf Publishers/Richard Gallen, 1992), p. 615 and pp. 792-93 fn. 14.

Crichton  was also director of Dorchester Gas Producing Co. with D.H. Byrd,
founder of the Temco Co. (later LTV), who owned the building to which the Texas
School  Book Depository had moved several months before Kennedy was killed. Fabian Escalante, translated by Maxine Shaw, edited by Mirta Muniz, 

TheSecret War:  CIA Covert Operations against Cuba 1959-62 (Melbourne,   Victoria, Australia:  Ocean Press, 1995), p. 42. 

See Peter Dale Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, chapter III, p. 37 (quoted in   Bartholomew, p. 71).   

In Germany Schmidt had lived with Dr. Wilhelm Kuetemeyer, a professor of  psychosomatic medicine at the University of Heidelberg.  Kuetemeyer   conducted experiments on schizophrenics.  His work was interrupted when  he  became involved in the July 20 plot to kill Adolph Hitler.  See Edward  J.   Epstein, Legend:  The Secret World of Lee Harvey Oswald (New York:  McGraw-Hill, 1978), pp. 203-05.  Schmidt shared a room in the house with  the Magnolia employees who gave the party at Schmidt's request where Oswald met  Michael Paine.  Schmidt was also studying Russian at Magnolia with  Mamantov,   who worked as a geologist for Sun Oil Co.  Mamantov was acquainted also with   George Bush, who wrote to Mamantov's  wife after his death stating, "We  did   it!"  

See Dick Russell, The Man who Knew Too Much.

See Peter Dale Scott, Crime and Cover-Up, p. 66.

Marrs, Crossfire, p. 278-9.  

Gaeton Fonzi, The Last Investigation (New  York:  Thunder Mouth Press, 1993), p.190.

Priscilla Johnson McMillan, Marina and Lee (Harper & Row, 1976), p.  216.
Ibid., p. 219.   Ibid.  The quoted passage does not identify which of the Humble Oil
founders was DeMohrenschildt's friend, but it is known that his UT roommate,   Hines Baker did later become chairman of Humble Oil.  McMillan revealed  that
DeMohrenschildt was also friendly with H. L. Hunt, Clint Murchison, John   Mecom, Robert Kerr and Jean De Menil of Schlumberger.  According to Jim Marrs' interviews with Jeanne DeMohrenschildt after her husband's death, George was making regular trips to Houston from Dallas during 1962-63 on oil  business with Mecom and De Menil.  George's Russian friends in the Tolstoy  Foundation told Marrs that he was going to Houston to see George and Herman Brown (Crossfire, p. 282.)

Peter Dale Scott, Crime and Cover-up,  p. 34 

Buckley Sr., a Texan, as an undergraduate lived in the same upper class  dorm
at the University of Texas at Austin where DeMohrenschildt, brothers Rex  G.  Baker and Hines Baker (who W.S. Farish, Sr. later hired as attorneys and  top  management for Humble Oil) lived when they were at UT.  See Richard  Bartholomew, Possible Discovery of an Automobile Used in the JFK  Conspiracy  (the Nash Rambler) --unpublished manuscript, pp. 63, 88-89.    Engdahl, p. 72.   


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