Research Material

Cecil Rhodes, Rhodes Scholars, and Domination

Cecil Rhodes was a financier and statesman whose personal ambitions were a close second to those he had for British imperialism. It was still possible, in his lifetime, to implement colonialism while acquiring considerable power and accruing personal fortunes. It was the age of the dream of extending as far as possible the territories marked in red (that is, British colonies and dominions) on the world atlas.

Born in July 1853, Cecil Rhodes was one of six sons of a vicar. Due to ill health, he was not sent to Eton or Winchester like two of his brothers, neither did he end up in the army. His poor constitution meant he had to revise his ambitions to become a barrister or a clergyman and study at the local grammar school instead. He had a great love of the country and of agriculture, which came to the fore later in his life when aforestation and rural development became one of his passions in South Africa.

He was sent to Natal to join his brother on a cotton farm in 1870. Their failure to grow the crop successfully and the incurable bite of diamond fever led them to move to Kimberley (in Africa) a year later, where Cecil Rhodes persisted with his dream of wealth in spite of terribly harsh conditions and bad luck, until he turned his fortune and succeeded to make a life of mining.

His young life was spent between Oxford and Kimberley, feeling in the main an odd man out in both places. His academic pursuits, though desultory, were viewed strangely in the mining provinces, and his unusual laugh, oratorial voice and behaviour singled him out in England. But he had an almost mystical inclination to perpetuate imperialism, and would speak at length on the subject, gathering small crowds of admirers. His ill health was an obstacle he stubbornly refused to be distracted by, but he felt its portent, for he made as many as seven wills. In each, his ambitions for furthering the power of the British Empire figured significantly.

Although he never regarded accumulating wealth as a means to itself, Rhodes became quite successful in that regard while attempting to fulfil his dreams which were, apart from `painting the map red', to build a railway from the Cape to Cairo, to reconcile the Boers and the British under one flag (the Union Jack, of course) and claim the American colonies for the Empire. They led him on a successful political career, with a number of achievements, not least of which being Prime Minister of Cape Colony.

Cecil Rhodes, who always insisted on being called simply `Mr Rhodes', was never married. His sympathies and leanings are described differently by different biographers, but it was a known fact it was not unusual for him to be surrounded, as in his younger Oxford days, by a crowd of young admiring bachelors. There was an annoying entanglement with a cunning self-styled adventuress, Princess Radziwitt, whose manipulative schemes were more financially than romantically inclined. Her passion for intrigue, power and gain caused the statesman more annoyance than political - or any other - advantage. She forged signatures, counterfeited documents and committed fraudulence using his name. He was even summoned to her trial and had to travel from Europe to Cape Town to give evidence.

Incurable heart disease brought Rhodes to his end in 1902. He had emerged into the new century hoping for an end to the Boer War, but it outlived him. He was buried in the Matopo Hills early in April of that year, after a funeral cortege by railway which was a memorable procession. The reading of his will later that month increased his reputation as an imaginative farsighted man, due to the creation of a new education grant trust for the now famous Rhodes Scholarships, his main legacy.


By William F. Jasper

"In America, where idealism is the yardstick used to judge a generation's collective virtue, Rhodes scholars are its masters," says Rhodes scholar Peter Beinart. "They are chosen as much for their public-spiritedness as for their academic prowess. Not all want to run for elective office, but the bulk think their talents can be most fully realized through public service. Like Clinton, my peers believe earnestly in government. Above all, they believe in themselves in government."

Writing in the "My Turn" section of Newsweek's January 16th issue,Beinart, a 23-year-old student now in his second year at Oxford University, offers a perceptive critique of the "Rhodie" tendency to giddily embrace idealism as "summum bonum". Beinart notes that "such idealism should be refreshing. Yet after a year at Oxford, it makes me uneasy. The committment to government my colleagues express so passionately is rarely linked to a clear vision of what government should do....I'm afraid that the idealism for which Rhodes scholars receive praise is less an antidote to the problems of American politics than a symptom of them."

"Lacking a vision of political service in pursuit of specific ends,"observes Beinart, "the rhetoric of idealism allows Rhodes scholars to justify and celebrate political service per se. Idealism masks an ideological vacuum."


On the pernicious potential of misdirected idealism Bienart scores some important points. However, it is not idealism per se, but a particular kind of idealism, of which Rhodies are typically imbued, that is the problem under consideration here. And it is certainly not an idealism proceeding from an "ideological vacuum." If that were the case, we would expect to see idealism manifested and expressed in a diversity of shapes and forms, as for instance: Christian idealism versus humanist/pagan/atheist idealism, individualist versus collectivist idealism, libertarian versus totalitarian idealism, nationalist versus globalist idealism, etc.

The Oxonian idealism, however, seems to run almost invariably along the humanist/pagan/atheist, collectivist, totalitarian, globalist, elitist lines. Perhaps Beinart's peers do not explicitly subscribe to such a nasty idealism, but, apparently, it is implicit - at least in the formative stages - in their collective world view, and it is this which makes him "uneasy."As he says, they have a passionate "commitment to government," but, "above all, they believe "in themselves" in government." Which is exactly the kind of "idealism" British empire builder Cecil John Rhodes intended to foster when he established the Rhodes scholarships at the turn of the century.

We have written previously about the baleful effects of Rhodes' bequest("A 'Rhodie' in the White House," New American, 1/25/93). However, since the accession of Bill Clinton to the Oval Office, the Oxford influence in the Executive branch of the federal government has attained unprecedented heights. As Rhodes scholar Robert Rotberg noted in the Christian Science Monitor for December 7, 1992, the Clinton Presidency "fulfills Rhodes' deepest aspiration." Rotberg, author of The Founder: Cecil Rhodes and the Pursuit of Power, wrote in his Monitor piece that "Rhodes believed that he had discovered an idea that could lead 'to the cessation of all wars and one language throughout the world.' Rhodes also specified fairly clearly the kinds of men who should receive the opportunity to go to Oxford. He had Clinton in mind" - an admission which, by itself, should severely diminish the prestige of the esteemed academic honors. Rhodes' men, said Rotberg,were a special breed: reprinted in The Rhodes Legacy.


The secret society of which Rhodes spoke was launched, notes Blumenfeld,on February 5, 1891. Forming the executive committee of this society were Rhodes, Stead, Lord Esher, and Alfred Milner. Below them was a "Circle of Initiates" comprised of Lord Balfour, Sir Harry Johnson, Lord Rothschild, Lord Grey, and other scions of Britain's financial and aristocratic elite.According to Professor Quigley, Bill Clinton's mentor at Georgetown University, "The scholarships were merely a facade to conceal the secret society, or more accurately, they were to be one of the instuments by which the members of the secret society could carry out his purpose." "The Rhodes Scholarships," Blumenfeld writes, "as outlined in Rhodes' will, became the main instrument whereby the most promising young people throughout the English-speaking world could be recruited to serve an idea that Rhodes thought would take 200 years to fulfill." And, says Blumenfeld:

"Obviously, the way the secret society would recruit its future leaders from among the Rhodes scholars was to dangle before them the prospects of future advancement in whatever field they chose to pursue, be it education, politics, government, foundation work, finance, journalism, etc. Thus, if you understood the implicit message being given to you by your sponsors you might one day become president of Harvard, President of the United States, a Supreme Court Judge, a US senator, or president of the Carnegie Foundation. The road to fame and fortune was open as long as you played the game and obeyed the rules. The Association of American Rhodes Scholars has an alumni membership of about 1,600. They have become leading figures in the new ruling elite in America."


For gaining as appreciation of just how influential the "leading figures"in this ruling elite have been, and are today, Dr. Cuddy's 50-page booklet, Secret Records Revealed, is of immense value. Utlilizing the chronological format he has used in some of his previous studies, Cuddy begins with the year 1890 and traces the perfidious Rhodes influence to the present, outlining not only the "contributions" of Rhodes scholars, but those as well of prominent members in Rhodes' other fronts such as the Council on Foreign Relations.

The impact of this elect(but in most cases unelected) coterie has been nothing less than incredible. A roll call of the famous Rhodies who have advanced the founder's scheme reads like a Who's Who of American finance,business, academe, journalism, and politics: Whitney Shepardson, John K.Fairbank, Lester Thurow, Erwin D. Canham, Stringfellow Barr, Nicholas Katzenbach, Howard K. Smith, Harlan Cleveland, Carl Albert, J. William Fulbright, Dean Rusk, Hedley Donovan, Walt Rostow, Robert Roosa, Stansfield Turner, Richard Lugar, David Boren, Michael Kinsley, Daniel Boorstin, and many more. Among the more than 20 Rhodies in Clinton's retinue are Strobe Talbott, Robert Reich, James Woolsey, Ira Magaziner, George Stephanopoulos, Stephen Oxman, Sarah Sewall, Walter Slocombe, Joseph Nye, and Richard N.Gardner.

And what are the characteristics that the Rhodes scholarship selection committees were to look for in candidates and nurture in their scholars? According to Rhodes' own criteria, notes Cuddy, the traits most desired were(and are) "smugness, brutality, unctuous rectitude, and tact." Obviously, as Mr. Rotberg beamed above, Rhodes "had Clinton in mind." After all, his proteges were to be the "best men," the "best people," pursuing his vision of world government run by a socialist aristocratic elite. According to Rhodes' co-conspirator Stead, it was expected that by 1920 there would be"between two and three thousand men in the prime of life scattered a

Reprinted from THE NEW AMERICAN MAGAZINE February 20, 1995

Cecil Rhodes- The Rhodes Scholarships A Giant Step For White World Domination

Dedication. Courage. Vision. Ahh- the things we aspire to for ourselves and look for in our heroes and leaders. A study of Cecil Rhodes is an exercise in many things. One of them might be the way really good things can be perverted to the extreme.

He was a young man with a mission. The theft of an entire planet is no easy task. Fresh from the influences of imperialist Europe, Rhodes brought the fever of conquest to Afrika in a way equal in barbarity to anything ever seen on the planet. 440,656 square miles and over a thousand dead Afrikans later, in 1890, he stuck a flag into the heart of South Afrika and called the land Rhodesia, after himself.

His ultimate scheme was simple. TO COLONIZE THE ENTIRE WORLD. Rhodes wrote his "Confession of Faith" in 1877, very early in his life. In it, he stated his position in England and the rest of the globe. "I contend that we are the finest race in the world and that the more of the world we inhabit the bietter it is for the human race." He looked at Afrika as a piece of real estate that was destined to be ruled by Britain. Rhodes was determined to bring the vast resources of the Motherland home and place them at the feet of the crown. A cornerstone of this mad plan was to control Afrika " from Cape to Cairo"; the Cape of Good Hope to Cairo, Egypt. A glance at the map will confirm this literally includes the whole continent. He was a huge player in the game of WHITE WORLD DOMINATION. It was Rhodes was at the beginnings of the Apartheid Era of South Afrika.

Cecil John Rhodes was born on July 5, 1853, at Bishop Straford in Hertfordshire, England. He lived there until leaving for Afrika in 1870 at age 17. His brothers, who'd preceded him there, welcomed him to the Black Continent. As an immigrant, he was entitled to a land grant of fifty acres and given five years to pay for it. The crop he chose was cotton. He reinvested the profits in the railroad, which was growing strong transporting the newly exploited diamonds and gold from raped Afrikan soil. Wealth fueled to his imagination and imperialistic nature. He began his lifetime quest for power and land because, "We know the size of the world and we know the total extent. Africa is still lying ready for us and it is our duty to take it. It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory and we should keep this one idea steadily before our eyes that more territory simply means more of the Anglo-Saxon race more of the best the most human, most honourable race the world possesses."[punctuation his]

In her classic account of this wickedly remarkable mans life, Sarah Gertrude Millin states, "In the end all that Rhodes can do towards extending British rule throughout the world and restoring Anglo-Saxon unity and founding a guardian power for the whole of humanity is to arrange for a number of young men from the United States, the British colonies, and Germany to go to Oxford."

W.T. Stead, a confidant of Rhodes relates, "between two and three thousand men in the prime of life scattered all over the world, each one of whom would have had impressed upon his mind in the most susceptible period of his life the dream of the Founder."

There were specific guidelines set. Areas of ability were carefully evaluated when selecting a recipient of the scholarship. There was a balance to the men Rhodes thought capable of implementing his plan and attaining his dream. Thirty percent for "literary and scholastic attainments." Twenty percent for "fondness of and success in manly outdoor sports such as cricket, football and the like." Thirty percent for "quality of manhood, truth, couracge, devotion to duty sympath for and protection of the weak, kindliness, unselfishness, and fellowship." Twenty percent for "exhibition during schooldays of moral force of character and of instincts to lead and to take an interest in his schoolmates." Just as Adolf Hitler would have failed his own test for the perfect Aryan due to his severe lack of blond hair and blue eyes, so would Rhodes have failed his; he was not scholarship material.

His was the dream of fathering, after death, a vast undercover machine to fulfill his lifelong ambition. In his Confession of Faith, As Rhoes talks about Anglo-Saxon control of the planet he writes, "Toward such a scheme what a splendid help a secret society would be a society not openly acknowledged but who would work in secret for such a object."

At one point Lyndon Johnson was heard to say that he was the only member of Kennedy's administration with a degree from Southwest Texas State Teacher's College. A large majority of the rest were Rhodes scholars and thus Oxford graduates. They can be found in many levels of international government and business. One connection between President Bill Clinton and Baltimore Mayor Kurt Schmoke is that they are both disciples of Rhodes.

Europeans, under the guise of educational advancement, have hidden a world-wide army of men with the ideology of Cecil Rhodes imbedded in their hearts and minds. Just like he planned. It is important to realize who is shaping the planet toward progress without oppression.

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