Anthrax Mail Mystery Won’t Be Solved
F.B.I.’s Hands Tied From Above

Sandpoint, ID — In an effort to help solve the anthrax mail mystery one behavioral science and public health expert has advanced a viable, yet unspeakable, “industrial espionage” theory. Despite forwarding evidence to more than 1,500 F.B.I. personnel and every member of Congress in recent weeks, the resulting avoidance of his controversial theory has angered political observers, grassroots activists, and news investigators alike. It is becoming increasingly clear that F.B.I. officials may be politically incapable of solving the case given the “back off” orders they received from the Bush administration.

The Harvard-trained investigator, Dr. Leonard Horowitz, has used the F.B.I.’s own methods and materials in the past for tracking serial killers. He has published numerous books and scientific articles specifically in the field of criminal investigations concerning cases in which people have spread HIV—the AIDS virus—as biological weapons to frighten and kill victims. Since October 1, two weeks before the first anthrax mailing, he has called on the nation’s chief law enforcement bureau to simply do its job. Officials have yet to respond, pursue his leads, or solve the mystery.(1, 2)

“A serial killer’s motivation is always paramount in every search and profiling of suspects,” Dr. Horowitz explains. Suddenly, F.B.I. officials seem uninterested in this criminology fundamental. “Even on television, homicide investigators begin by asking who profits most by murder. Closest kin and wealth recipients are typically scrutinized. So why haven’t official investigators, or the mainstream media, held anthrax and smallpox profiteers up to this customary scrutiny? Some chief suspects are even operating near Trenton, NJ where the anthrax letters originated.”

Dr. Horowitz begs the question, “Why, with more than two dozen biologicals to choose from in state-run weapons laboratories, has America’s incessant focus been limited to anthrax and smallpox threats? Could the drug-makers who produce the only state-sanctioned remedies for these agents be economically and politically related to policy-makers?”

Apparently they are, according to mounting evidence.

Dr. Horowitz explains that standard F.B.I. serial killer investigations, like that of “Unibomber” Ted Kaczynski, who sent explosives through the mail, are supported by analyzing the “developmental histories” of suspects. He asks, “Might the histories of implicated drug companies, including those that are demanding court warrants for F.B.I. access to their labs, reflect those historically linked to murder, or even mass genocide?”

Developmental History

In fact, the only FDA endorsed anthrax antibiotic, Cipro, and government purchased smallpox vaccine, are products of companies that evolved directly from Germany’s infamous WWII military-industrial cartel—I.G. Farben. Cipro is produced by Bayer AG, while the smallpox vaccine’s newly formed producers are Acambis (previously OraVax), partnered with Baxter and Aventis—created in 1999 by parent companies Hoechst and Rhone- Poulenc. All have severely jaded histories.

Bayer and Hoechst were two of “The Big Three” companies formed following the “decartelization” of I.G. Farben. The CIA immediately took over their corporate headquarters in Frankfurt, which had curiously escaped allied bombings. Historians explain that the Farben complex had been protected by military officials obligated to John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Company—half owner of the Farben cartel.(3)

Soon after the CIA began operations in the Farben building, Bayer and Hoechst were reorganized in 1951 under the direction of the Allied High Commission, largely influenced by U.S. High Commissioner John J. McCloy—a lawyer and banker from Philadelphia, with intimate ties to Rockefeller banking and oil interests. After “decartelization,” the I.G. Farben labor camps were consolidated into “The Big Three” holding companies—Bayer, Hoechst, and BASF—for the benefit of the stockholders.

Hermann Schmitz, president of Bayer A.G and I.G. Farben during WWII, who also largely directed the Deutsche Bank, “held as much stock in Standard Oil of New Jersey as did the Rockefellers,” according to former CBS News war correspondent Paul Manning who thanked CIA director Dulles for his historic accounts. On August 10, 1944, the Rockefeller- Farben partners moved their “flight capital” through affiliated German/French, American, British and Swiss banks “for the new Germany,” according to Manning. This secured “the sophisticated distribution of national and corporate assets to safe havens” thoughout the world, and assured the continuation and further development of the “Neuordnung” (new order) for both global petrochemical-pharmaceutical and banking cartels.(2)

Historic records showed in the legal battle of Standard Oil (NJ) et. al v. Clark, in 1947, that U.S. Circuit Court Judge Charles Clark found this “unholy alliance” between America’s wealthiest company and the Farben cartel was nothing short of “an enemy national.” The judge wrote that the Rockefeller plaintiffs “became enemy nationals [i.e., traitors] after the outbreak of the war, since their concealment of I.G. assets continued thereafter.” Such underhanded manipulations for war profits prompted President Dwight D. Eisenhower, in his Farewell Address to the Nation in 1961, to urge diligence regarding the “military-industrial complex” and “the potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power.”(3)

More Modern Machinations

In 1998, a lucrative defense department contract was granted to a new company, Bioport Corporation, for the production of a largely untested anthrax vaccine. The firm was formed principally by Saudi financier Fuad El-Hibri, reportedly connected to Bin Laden family businesses and investments. Bioport’s predecessor, the failing Michigan Biologic Products Institute (affiliated with Michigan State University) failed to secure FDA approval on their anthrax vaccine for several reasons, including excessive contaminations and poor record keeping. Others joining El-Hibri on the Board of Directors of Bioport included Reagan staffer and Clinton advisor Admiral William J. Crowe, Jr., former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Senior Advisor for Global Options—an industrial think tank whose members included former Director of Central Intelligence, R. James Woolsey. In recent years Mr. Woolsey has been a leading financial consultant who lectures extensively on “industrial espionage.”(4)

Howard L. Rosenberg of ABC NEWS reported in March, 1999, that Bioport’s exclusive $29 million contract with the U.S. Department of Defense to manufacture, test, bottle and store the anthrax vaccine was overtly specious. “According to former Central Intelligence Agency military analyst Patrick Eddington, the estimated $60 million worth of anthrax vaccine Bioport is expected to produce for the Defense Department over the next five years could just be the beginning. The Pentagon has a $322 million, 10-year program to develop at least three, and perhaps as many as a dozen additional biological warfare vaccines. . . . These have never really been tested, and most importantly, no one has provided data to validate the threat."(5)

Another major stockholder of Bioport, Corp, according to Chicago judicial system investigator Sherman Skolnick and others (6,7), is The Carlyle Group—a $12 billion private investment firm and the 11th leading defense contractor. This group’s Chief Executive Officer, Frank C. Carlucci, III, was a key CIA operations director in Sub-Saharan Africa at the time AIDS broke out, and was National Security Advisor during the Iran-contra scandal. Other Carlyle Group officials include former cabinet members of the George H.W. Bush administration such as Secretary of State James A. Baker, III, and members of the Bin Laden family.

Mr. Baker and the senior Bush are likewise linked to another experimental vaccine producer—Tanox Biomedical Systems of Houston, Texas. This Baylor College of Medicine affiliated lab is currently a defendant in a class action lawsuit filed on behalf of Huntsville, TX prisoners and civilians who received Mycoplasma contaminated vaccines and resulting infections. Their diseases are astonishingly similar to those seen in the Gulf War Syndrome, even though their vaccine experiments began years before Operation Desert Storm.(8)

Updating the international intrigue visiting these military vaccine producers, according to the Wall Street Journal, (Sept. 28, 2001), "The father of President Bush, works for the bin Laden family business in Saudi Arabia through the Carlyle Group . . ."

Exposing the Bioterror Cartel

There is a the strong probability that today’s widely heralded biological threats such as smallpox, though potentially real, may be orchestrated by multinational corporations and best reflect industrial espionage activities. The media targeted anthrax mailings that have effectively “wagged the dog” for drug-maker profit is a classic example of this new form of bioterrorism and military-medical profiteering.

Retired L.A. Police Department investigator-turned-journalist Michael Ruppert agrees. He has published numerous articles implicating Bush administration and CIA officials in profit- making from various forms of terrorism following September 11. Reinforcing the Carlyle Group connection, Mr. Ruppert wrote that “The senior Bush had met with the Bin Laden family at least twice in the last three years—1998 and 2000—as a representative of Carlyle, seeking to expand business dealings with one of the wealthiest Saudi families, which some experts argue, has never fully severed its ties with black sheep Osama.”(7)

The political strength and identity of these unsavory parties connected to Bush and Bioport, and possibly other recently formed vaccine and drug companies conveniently positioned and illegally contracted to take advantage of anthrax and smallpox “bioterrorism,” bodes badly for the FBI. The bureau’s apparent unwillingness to follow Dr. Horowitz’s anthrax mailing leads is best reconciled by the following facts. According to a recent BBC report instigated by investigative reporter Greg Palast for Britain’s premier Sunday Newspaper, The Observer, “FBI and [U.S.] military intelligence officials in Washington say they were prevented for political reasons from carrying out full investigations into members of the Bin Laden family in the US before the terrorist attacks of September 11. . . . [T]he FBI files were closed in 1996 apparently before any conclusions could be reached on either of the Bin Laden brothers . . .

They said the restrictions became worse after the Bush administration took over this year. The intelligence agencies had been told to ‘back off’ from investigations involving other members of the Bin Laden family, the Saudi royals, and possible Saudi links to the acquisition of nuclear weapons by Pakistan. ‘There were particular investigations that were effectively killed,’” F.B.I. and intelligence officers in Washington told the BBC.(9)

Conflicts of Interest, Illegalities, and Lies

Recently, according to Dr. Sidney M. Wolfe, health director at Ralph Nader’s Public Citizen Health Research Group, illegal meetings have been conducted between Bush administration officials, including Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Tommy Thompson, and principals of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA). Their covertly managed Emergency Preparedness Task Force, in violation of federal transparency laws for such decision-making bodies, is touting orders for enough drugs and vaccines to protect every American against the threats of anthrax and smallpox. The PhRMA task force is directed by Aventis executive and anthrax mailing conspiracy suspect Richard Markham.(10)

Apparent illegalities did not deter Secretary Thompson from ordering more than $100 million worth of Bayer’s Cipro, at the “bargain price” of $.90 per tablet when other companies offered equally effective and lower risk substitutes for a few pennies each, and then for free. On October 25, 2001, Mr. Thompson also asked Congress for another $500 million to produce enough of the Acambis/Aventis smallpox vaccine “so every American will be assured there is a dose with his or her name on it if it is needed.” This, despite CDC official admissions that people already vaccinated probably shouldn’t take it, and the smallpox vaccine will require extensive testing.(11,12)

Meanwhile, much like Bioport, Acambis’s suspicious evolution in recent months from the failing OraVax corporation has many observers wondering.(13) OraVax had been likewise linked to shady backroom dealings with Clinton administration officials in 1998 regarding government orders for the (yet to be tested) West Nile Virus vaccine. His prophetically titled book released in June, Dr. Horowitz’s Death in the Air Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic Warfare, recorded a stealth meeting between Dr. Thomas Monath, the Vice President of OraVax (now Acambis), President Clinton, Janet Reno, CIA Director John Deutsch, and American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) curator Dr. Joshua Lederberg, a former Rockefeller University President and Council on Foreign Relations bioterrorism study group leader. (14)

“What concerns me is not that a business deal was struck, albeit illegally,” Dr. Horowitz said, “but that Dr. Lederberg had falsely assured the American military and public that no biological weapons were used during the Gulf War despite his knowledge that the ATCC, under his watch, sent nineteen shipments of various strains of anthrax suitable for weapons production to Sadam Hussein in the years leading up to Desert Storm, and that tens of thousands of vets may have suffered and died from Gulf War syndrome as a result. These people, largely directing the public health response to bioterrorism, are completely untrustworthy.”

Dr. Horowitz’s allegations are documented in the U.S. Congressional Record from Don Reigle’s committee hearings concerning Gulf War syndrome. The Reigle report exposed ATCC as the chief supplier of biological weapons strains to virtually anyone with a lab, including pharmaceutical companies.(15) Since the mailed anthrax strain is certified American, it likely originated from ATCC.

So when the New York Times (November 9, 2001) reported ATCC vice president Nancy Wysocki saying, “We have a very close working relationship with many of the federal agencies, including the FBI,” the “conspiracy of silence” Dr. Horowitz was witnessing made even more sense.

“It’s not particularly reassuring that the F.B.I. and the ATCC have a “close working relationship,” Dr. Horowitz said. “Nor am I pleased to learn that the new delinquent biotech firms are financed by Bush and Bin Laden family members and associates. This does explain, however, why even after hand delivering urgent requests for bureau officials to investigate these white-collar criminals for possible industrial espionage in the anthrax mailings, they never had the courtesy to respond.”

“Federal Bungling Incompetents” or Pawns in a Global Game

In fact, Dr. Horowitz initially hand-delivered a memo to his regional F.B.I. office on October 1, 2001, almost two weeks before the first anthrax letter was sent from Trenton, New Jersey to the American Media building in Boca Raton, Florida. His action was prompted after reading the Oklahoma City bombing grand jury investigation, The Final Report, commissioned by then State Representative Charles Key. It stated that German-based neo-Nazi’s were known to have “masterminded” both airline hijackings and U.S. military installation bombings by the PLO. This matched what the F.B.I. had reported, and reinforced the German connection to what was obviously a Cipro and smallpox vaccine sales “scam.” The former was likewise reported by the Washington Times.(4)

The F.B.I. reported that the silica-mixed anthrax powder required expensive equipment, as well as a bioweapons savvy microbiologist, to produce. They had ruled out Islamic terrorist groups, but not “state-sponsored” crimes. This likewise suggested to Dr. Horowitz a “white collar” gang was behind the mailings.(16)

The New York Times (November 11, 2001) also reported that F.B.I. agents were denied access to “some pharmaceutical companies in New Jersey.” These companies demanded agents “present a subpoena before they would grant access to their files.”(14) Dr. Horowitz found this additionally suspicious, if not seriously incriminating, especially since Aventis, one of his primary suspects, had two plants within forty-five minutes drive from Trenton.

“I should think that any company with nothing to hide would welcome the bureau’s inquiry,” Dr. Horowitz said, “especially at this time of national emergency.” To him the drug firms’ response seemed like “Gestapo tactics rather than amiable support.”

“I’ve asked the F.B.I. to thoroughly investigate the possibility of industrial espionage being perpetrated by Bayer corporate officials as well as possibly Dr. Thomas Monath, the Vice President of OraVax/Acambis, and affiliated officials at Aventis. I’ve also urged an inquiry into ATCC curator Dr. Joshua Lederberg, and the financial interests he represents, including Rockefeller pharmaceutical and banking interests,” Dr. Horowitz said.

The trouble is, in the real world of power politics, economic espionage, and bioterrorism, this level of investigation and mainstream exposure is close to impossible.

In recent days bureau officials said they are closing in on a suspect for a breakthrough in the case. Dr. Horowitz concluded that, “It wouldn’t surprise me, given the high stakes and to save face, our intelligence community would manufacture another Lee Harvey Oswald. In this new world, our great American law enforcement agency, under restraints posed by the Bush administration and the CIA, has been reduced to a group of Federal Bungling Incompetents.”

-end ­




1) Horowitz LG. Murder and cover-up could explain the Florida dental AIDS mystery. British Dental Journal 1994;1;24423-427; See also Horowitz LG. Sexual homicide with HIV in a Florida dental practice? Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry 1994;19;161-64; See also Horowitz LG. Correlates and predictors of sexual homicide with HIV in the Florida Dental AIDS tragedy. AIDS Patient Care, 1994;8;4220-229.

2) Letters to F.B.I. officials and members of Congress are available at http// ngs.html and


3) Borkin J. The Crime and Punishment of I.G. Farben The Unholy Alliance Between Hitler and the Great Chemical Combine. New York Barnes and Noble, 1997.

4) Woolsy J. Former CIA Director Woolsey delivers remarks at foreign press center. March 7, 2000. Available at http//

5) Mr. Rosenberg’s ABCNews article is available at http// e_British.html

6) Skolnick SH. Overthrow of the American Republic Bioport and The Anthrax Commissars. Available from Citizen’s Committee to Clean Up the Courts, 9800 South Oglesby Ave., Chicago, IL 60617- 4870.

7) Ruppert M. The best enemies money can buy. Available at http//

8) Horowitz LG and Puleo JS. Healing Codes for the Biological Apocalypse. Tetrahedron Publishing Group, 1999, pp. 270-281.

9) Palast G and Pallister D. FBI and US spy agents say Bush spiked Bin Laden probes before 11 September. The Guardian (London), Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2001. Available at http//

10) Wolfe SM. Letter to HHS Secretary on Pharmaceutical Research & Manufacturers of America Emergency Preparedness Task Force (HRG Publication #1600). Public Citizen. Available at http//

11) O’Meara KP. Investigative Report Government ripoff on the Cipro deal. Washington Times, Insight Magazine, Nov. 26, 2001. Available at http// include=detail&storyid=138294.

12) Charlotte D. Rules relaxed in rush for a new smallpox vaccine. The Guardian, Thursday, Oct. 25, 2001.

13) See http//

14) Horowitz LG. Death in the AirGlobalism, Terrorism and Toxic Warfare . Tetrahedron Publishing Group, 2001, pp. 105-109.

15) U.S. Senate, 103rd Congress, 2d Session. U.S. Chemical and Biological Warfare-related Dual Use Exports to Iraq and Their Possible Impact on the Health Consequences of the Persian Gulf War A Report of Chairman Donald W. Riegle, Jr., et. al. May 25, 1994, pp. 39-47.

16) Broad WJ, Johnston D, Miller J and Zielbauer P. Experts see F.B.I. missteps hampering anthrax inquiry. New York Times, Nov. 9, 2001. Available at http//

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