of the GREAT PYRAMID

by Tim G. Hunkler

Hunkler WebSite

hunkler@goodnet.com

A summary of the various geometric, geophysical, astronomical, numerical, and prophetic interpretations made by explorers, authors, and visitors to the Great Pyramid over the last 200 years. These interpretations run the range of believability from topics such as the Great Pyramids use as a sundial to the calculation of the speed of light and the prediction of the exact dates of the birth of Adam, the Exodus, and the birth, baptism, and crucifixion of Jesus.

I tend to agree with a number of pyramid and pyramidology authors that if you look at the sum total of all of the possible symbolisms, even if only 1/10th of the information was truly intended, that this 1/10th is beyond a coincidence and to accomplish the simultaneous design goals achieved by the Great Pyramid would require the ability to modify the size and shape of the earth, the position of planets, and even the solar system. In short, this would require divine powers and therefore the existense of the Great Pyramid implies that God exists.

In the text that follows references are denoted as **[nn:pp]** where "nn"
is a document number as referenced in Pyramid
Book References and is the page from that reference.

{green text in curly braces are the editors notes, comments, and calculations}

In 1977 I first became interested in the Great Pyramid while writing a high school english paper on the subject. At that time, "pyramid power" was a brief fad. My research with materials available at that time convinced me that the Great Pyramid was not a pharaoh's tomb. The seed was planted and lay dormant until mid 1994 when my interest was rekindled listening to a radio talk show featuring John Zajac [11:]. Since that time I have once again picked up the investigation by additional reading. This document is my attempt at a collection of symbolisms that others have found encoded within the shape, dimensions, location, and orientation of the Great Pyramid and it's inner chambers

The first topic deals with the **custom
units of measure** that are typically used when discussing the
Great Pyramid. Namely, the "Pyramid Inch", whose discovery
is credited to Sir Isaac Newton in the 1600's

The topic of **construction and dimensions**
is admittedly somewhat boring as it deals with lengths and widths
and other such measures. However, it is a necessary foundation
for the later topics which use this data to reveal the various
symbolisms

The topic of **secret rooms** is
presented mainly because it is one of my personal favorites.
Secret rooms in castles, haunted houses, and pyramids excites
the imagination of youth. The intrigue of finding a secret room
still remains for me

The topic of **geometric relations**
is next and here is where things start to get interesting. Multiple
geometric properties are referenced including Pi, Phi, and the
Pythagorean Theorem

The next topic is **geophysical and
astronomical relations** and this is where I think you might
start to agree that there are just too many relations presented
to be "coincidence". It is helpful to keep in mind
that the Great Pyramid was constructed over 4000 years ago, when
most cultures of the world were living in mud or stone structures,
had no plumbing, language, schooling, or medicine. Math capabilities
consisted mostly of adding and subtracting. The earth was considered
flat. The sun and stars were thought to revolve around the earth,
and the modern calendar did not exist

Following the geophysical and astronomical
relations is the **numerical relations**. This adds more data
to the argument that the design and construction was not an accident
or coincidence

The next section deals with **prophecies**,
based on the lengths of the various chambers and a translation
of one pyramid inch to one year. This is by far a topic which
can be of much controversy. More exists on this topic than I
have presented here and I have only begun to scratch the surface
with this collection. Further investigation is possible and numerous
references are provided in case you are interested.

The **miscellaneous** section is
where I have collected some related tidbits of information concerning
Egyptian culture and historical aspects.

The final section is **reference constants**.
Here I have collected physical and astronomical measures from
modern day scientific sources. You can compare these modern day
numbers with those presented or calculated elsewhere in the text
using pyramid symbolisms.

TOPIC INDEX:

**[11:149]** - The American inch = 25.400508001 mm and the British inch = 25.399978 mm.

**[11:150]** - The sacred Jewish, or pyramid, inch = 1.001081 American inch = 1.00106 British inch.

**[14:2]** - The pyramid inch "PI" = 1.0011 present inches, and 1.0010846752 British inches **[4:164]**

**[11:151]** - Use of the pyramid inch is attributed to Sir Isaac Newton, who discovered
that many of the measurements of the pyramid would be in whole numbers if this unit
were used.

**[14:6]** - The English inch was originally
the same as the pyramid inch during the time of Queen Elizabeth.

**[14:1]** - The pyramid cubit or "Sacred Cubit" = 25 pyramid inches.

**[4:255]** - The mean density of the earth
is about 5.7 times that of water at 68 degrees F. and a barometric
pressure of 30.00 PI of mercury.

**[4:255]** - All of the courses of masonry
in the King's Chamber have 23 or more stones, except the 5th course,
which has only 7 (5,7 -> 5.7).

**[4:257]** - The Pyramid Pint is 28.5 (5
* 5.7) cubic pyramid inches of water.

**[4:257]** - The Pyramid Pound is 5 cubic
pyramid inches of earth matter of average density.

**[4:257]** - A Pyramid Pint weighs one
Pyramid Pound.

**[4:257]** - A Pyramid Ton is 2500 Pyramid
Pints or 2500 x 5 cubic pyramid inches of average density earth
matter. {(12500 cubic PI) * (1.003246507 cu inch / cubic PI) *
(90.620464 gram / cu inch) * (1 kg / 1000 grams) = 1136.4333 kg}

**[4:257]** - A cubic pyramid cubit of average
density earth matter weighs 1.25 Pyramid Tons. {(25 x 25 x 25
cubic PI / 1 cubic pyramid cubit) * (Pyramid Ton / 2500 x 5 cubic
PI) = 1.25 Pyramid Ton / cubic Cubit}

**[4:257]** - The coffer in the King's Chamber
has a volume equal to 1 Pyramid Ton.

**[4:116]** - The Pyramid Mile is 2917.46356+
cubits or 6084.6418 ft. {mile = 5280 ft., British nautical mile
= 6080 ft.}

**[18:xiii]** To date, archaeologists have
located 98 pyramids in Egypt, all of which are located on the
West Bank of the Nile. None on East side.

**[18:245]** - The Great Pyramid has been dated as circa 2770 B.C.

**[11:161]** - The pyramid was built in 2623 B.C.

**[68:35]** - The pyramid was built circa 2450 B.C. according to star alignment
data for the 4 air shafts of the King and Queen's chambers.

**[117,306]** - In 1986 a study was conducted in which mortar
samples were collected for carbon-14 dating. Two samples were tested at the
Southern Methodist University in Dallas and thirteen samples were tested in labs
in Zurich using an accelerator. The resulting dates give an age of somewhere between
3809 B.C. and 2869 B.C., a figure which is some 400-500 years older than dates
accepted by the majority of egyptologists.

**[117,116]** - In video footage of the robotic exploration of the northern
shaft of the Queen's Chamber two small objects are visible: a metallic hook and a
small baton of wood. Retrieval of the wool would be invaluable for additional
carbon dating.

**[14:75]** - At the time the pyramid was
built there was no written language (only hieroglyphics).

**[11:150]** - The pyramid is the most comprehensively
surveyed building in the world.

**[14:70]** - The Giza Plateau has a fairly
level granite bedrock base, in essence, a flat topped mountain.
Other regions near the Great Pyramid could not have supported
the immense weight of the structure.

**[70:68]** - The Great Pyramid is at the
northern edge of the Giza plateau and close to the cliff there.
Much of the rubble and debris from construction was dumped over
the cliff and actually acts to strengthen the cliff from crumbling
due to the tremendous weight and closeness of the Great Pyramid.

**[14:40]** - There is so much stone mass
in the pyramid that the interior temperature is constant and equals
the average temperature of the earth, 68 degrees Fahrenheit.

**[14:60]** - The pyramid is estimated to
have 2,300,000 stone blocks weighing from 2-30 tons each with
some weighing as much as 70 tons.{conflicts with **[5:20]**}

**[5:20]** - Computer calculations indicate
590,712 stone blocks used in construction.

**[11:143]** - Two types of limestone were
used for construction. A soft limestone either pure or nummulitic
was used for the bulk of the core blocks and a hard white limestone
for the mantle. Hard limestone becomes more polished with age.

**[11:139]** - The base of the pyramid covers
13.6 acres with each side greater than 5 acres in area.

**[14:76]** - The outer mantle was composed
of 144,000 casing stones, all highly polished and flat to an accuracy
of 1/100th of an inch, about 100 inches thick and weighing about
15 tons each with nearly perfect right angles for all six sides.
also **[11:146]**

**[5:52]** - Computer calculations indicated
40,745 casing stones were used averaging 40 tons each before the
face angle was cut.

**[18:71]** - The average casing stone on
the lowest level was 5 ft. long by 5 ft. high by 6 ft. deep and
weighed 15 tons.

**[14:78]** - The casing stones weighing
as much as 20 tons were placed with an accuracy of 5/1000ths of
an inch, and an intentional gap of about 2/100ths of an inch for
mortar.

**[5:52]** - Assuming 590,712 blocks and
a build time of 20 years an average of 81 blocks per day would
need to be placed. Using 10 work crews per side of the pyramid,
each work crew would need to place 2 blocks per day.

**[14:79]** - The mortar used is of an unknown
origin. It has been analyzed and it's chemical composition is
known but it can't be reproduced. It is stronger than the stone
and still holding up today.

**[14:74]** - The cornerstone foundations
of the pyramid have ball and socket construction capable of dealing
with heat expansion and earthquakes.

Click to see
a diagram

**[4:5]** - The four corner sockets are
at different heights. The vertical distance between the highest
and lowest is 17 inches. The reference point known as the "mean
socket level", or base level, is generally used as the reference
for height and perimeter measurements.

**[4:5]** - The "sidereal socket level"
is the mean of just the SW and SE socket heights.

**[11:151]** - The length of a base is 9131
PI from corner to corner in a straight line.

**[4:5]** - The length of a base side at
the base socket level is 9131 pyramid inches or 365.24 pyramid
cubits.

**[4:5]** - The length of a base side at
sidereal socket level is 9131.4 pyramid inches or 365.256+ pyramid
cubits.

**[4:7]** - The length of the perimeter
at the sidereal socket level is 36525.63629+ pyramid inches.

**[4:9]** - 201 complete courses of masonry
remain with remnants of 2 more at the summit. The top surface
is 5478 pyramid inches above the mean socket level. Another 335
pyramid inches higher is the geometric apex formed by the corner
edges of the projected mantle.

**[70:151]** - The 35th course of stones
is roughly 50 inches tall, nearly twice the height of the previous
courses. The height of the 35th course = 1162.6 PI from ground
or the length of the Antechamber x 10.

**[4:10]** - The capstone is thought to
have been intact about 100 B.C. since no mention of its absence
was recorded by the historian Diodorus Siculus.

**[14:25]** - The capstone of the pyramid
is thought to have always been absent. {conflicts with **[4:10]**}

**[4:22]** - The capstone is thought to
have been an exact replica of the large pyramid on a scale of
1 to sqrt(Pi)/100. The ratio of any corresponding pyramid dimension
over the capstone dimension, when multiplied by the square root
of Pi equals 100.

**[4:11]** - The estimated height of the
capstone is about 103.03+ pyramid inches and about 6-1/2 cubits
on a side.

**[14:62]** - The height of the pyramid
to the missing apex formed by extending the sides is 5813 PI.

**[4:7]** - The perfect formula height of
the pyramid including the missing apex is 5813.2355653763+ PI,
calculated from perimeter of base (sidereal socket level) divided
by 2 Pi.

**[11:151]** - The height to the missing
apex is 5812.98 PI.

**[14:63]** - The height of the pyramid
without the capstone is 5496 PI. {conflicts with **[4:9]**}

Click for larger picture

**[14:28]** - The four faces of the pyramid
are slightly concave, the only pyramid to have been built this
way.

**[18:65]** - The centers of the four sides
are indented with an extraordinary degree of precision forming
the only 8 sided pyramid. The effect is not visible from the ground
or from a distance but only from the air, and then only under
the proper lighting conditions.

**[18:310]** - The 5 angles of the Great
Pyramid are: edge to edge of face at apex = 76:17:13.2 (deg,min,sec),
edge to diagonal edge at apex = 96:3:0.0, dihedral or face to
face parallel to base = 112:25:39.4, edge to base = 41:59:50.5,
face to base = 51:51:14.3. The face to base angle is the angle
of the casing stones.

**[11:161]** - The Great Pyramid is the
only pyramid to have chambers above ground level. {not true, for
example Bent Pyramid of Sneferu (Khufu's father), Red pyramid
at Dashur}

**[18:310]** - The volume of the pyramid
is: V = 1/3 base area x height = 161,559,817,000 cubic PI = 10,339,828.3
cubic pyramid cubits. {(5813.2355653 PI)/3 * 9131 PI * 9131 PI}

**[0:1]** - The length of the Great Pyramid's
corner edges are 8688.00 PI.

**[0:2]** - The slant face height of the
Great Pyramid's sides are 7391.72 PI.

**[0:3]** - The area of the base covers
13.3 acres or 83,375,161 sq. PI.

**[0:4]** - The area of each face covers
10.8 acres or 67,493,782 sq PI.

**[14:46]** - The angle of the Descending
Passage is 26 deg, 18 min, 9.5 sec or about 26.30 degrees.

**[11:151]** - The passages are straight
to within 0.013 in. per 100 ft.

Descending Passage

Click on pic for full size

**[4:162]** - The dimensions of the Descending
Passage are 4535 PI in length, 41.524 PI in width, and 36.197
PI in height.

**[4:97]** - The length of the Ascending
passage from the junction of the Descending Passage to the Grand
Gallery is 1543.46451 PI.

**[4:96]** - The length of the Grand Gallery
is 1881.5985600+ PI, and its width just above the ramp stones
is 82.41 PI.

**[11:165]** - Grand Gallery is 28 feet
high by 1881-1/3 PI long.

**[4:97]** - The length of the horizontal
passage to the Queen's Chamber is 1521.31136 PI.

**[102:12]** - The name "Queen's Chamber"
is considered a misnomer by Egyptologists since no queens have
ever been found in pharaoh's pyramids.

**[4:94]** - The volume of the Queen's Chamber
is 9,963,200 cubic PI.

**[70:140]** - Dimensions of the King's
Chamer in PI: 412.132 x x 230.243 H

**[14:39]** - Dimensions of the King's Chamber
in PI: 413 L x 206 W x 228 H {conflicts with **[36:266]**}

**[4:266]** - Height of King's Chamber is
230.388 PI.

**[70:119]** - The lowest course of blocks
in the King's Chamber appears 5 PI shorter than the rest because
the floor is raised above the base of the walls. The height of
the walls is then 235.243 PI.

**[4:12]** - There are 100 blocks making
up the walls of the King's Chamber in 5 courses.

**[4:221]** - Antechamber to King's Chamber:
116.26471 PI length (103.03292 PI is granite), 149.44644 PI high

**[4:255]** - Coffer measurements: volume
= 71250 cubic PI, interior length = 77.8141353+ PI, interior width
= 26.6836336+ PI, interior depth = 34.3147946+ PI, exterior length
(at top) = 89.94438003 PI, exterior length (at bottom) 89.6578860
PI, exterior width = 38.67063162 PI, exterior height = 41.21316892,
side and end thickness = 5.99349900 PI, bottom thickness = 6.89837429
PI.

**[39:68]** - The granite coffer in the
King's Chamber is too big to fit through the passages and so it
must have been put in place during construction.

**[11:159]** - Microscopic analysis of the
coffer reveals that it was made with a fixed point drill that
used hard jewel bits and a drilling force of 2 tons.

**[70:111]** - The coffer was sawed out
of a block of solid granite. This would have required bronze
saws 8-9 ft. long set with teeth of sapphires. Hollowing out
of the interior would require tubular drills of the same material
applied with a tremendous vertical force.

**[18:110]** - Although the walls of the
Queen's Chamber are of finished stone, the floor is rough and
unfinished. Many believe the room to have been abandoned as the
intended pharaoh's burial room as the King's Chamber was completed.
The horizontal passage to the Queen's Chamber still bears faint
red ocher construction lines along its entire 150 foot length.
The horizontal passage is also rough and unfinished.

**[18:110]** - The Queen's Chamber has a
gabled roof and the King's Chamber a flat roof. It was long a
custom for Egyptians to bury their women in rooms with gabled roofs
but to bury men in rooms with flat ceilings.

**[42:65]** - The casing stones for the Great
Pyramid were cut in quarries from Tura and Masara located on the
east bank of the Nile on outskirts of Cairo.

**[18:72]** - The Great Pyramid had a swivel
door entrance at one time. Swivel doors were found in only two
other pyramids: Khufu's father and grandfather, Sneferu and Huni,
respectively.

**[11:157]** - It is reported that when
the pyramid was first broken into that the swivel door, weighing
some 20 tons, was so well balanced that it could be opened by
pushing out from the inside with only minimal force, but when
closed, was so perfect a fit that it could scarcely be detected
and there was not enough crack or crevice around the edges to
gain a grasp from the outside.

**[102:9]** - The original entrance was
located on the north face, about 49 feet above the base and 24
feet east of the central axis of the north face.

**[18:82]** - The Grand Gallery contains
two grooves, one in the east wall and one in the west wall. They
are 7 inches high, 1 inch deep, and 5 inches up from the 3rd overlapping
corbel. They run the entire length of the gallery. Click for
a diagram

**[68:45]** - Of all the pyramids, only
the Great Pyramid has "air shafts". The King's Chamber
has 2, about 5 inches in diameter which connect to the exterior.
The Queen's Chamber has 2 which stopped just short of the walls
of the chamber and which do not penetrate completely to the exterior.
The cross section of these shafts are sometimes oval, sometimes
domed, and sometimes rectangular. Click to see a diagram

**[14:58]** - There are no hieroglyphics
or writings in the Great Pyramid. The only symbols are some graphics
on the wall of the Room of Chaos.

**[117:102]** - "Quarry Marks" exist in the relieving chambers above the
King's Chamber, including one mark which is reported to indicate Khufu, the
pharaoh under whose reign the Great Pyramid was built. One source suggests that
these quarry marks were faked by Howard Vyse in 1837. The reasons give are
many, but the main ones are: These marks appear only in the 4 relieving
chambers opend by Vyse and not in the original relieving chamber opened by
Davison in 1765. Vyse's diary for that day described a thorough examination
of the relieving rooms but no mention of the hieroglyphics and quarry marks.
The marks were mentioned only the next day, when Vyse returned with witnesses.
There are problems with the hieroglyphics in that they are a mixture of styles
and syntax/usage from differing time periods of Egypt. And finally, in the
marks bearing Khufu's name, mistakes were made. Those same mistakes occur
in the only two hieroglyphics references that would have been available to
Vyse at that time.

**[102:154]** - Each of the ceiling stones
in the Grand Gallery were individually removable. The Great Pyramid
could have functioned as a stellar observatory during its construction.

**[70:302]** - There are 36 ceiling stones
in the roof of the Grand Gallery.

**[4:258]** - Taking average earth density
as 1.0, the average density of the core limestone blocks is 0.412,
the limestone casing blocks is 0.367, the granite of the King's
Chamber is 0.479.

**[4:258]** - The estimate for the average
density of the pyramid as a whole, taking into account the different
type and quantities of stone as well as the hollow chambers is
0.4078994+ times that of the average earth density (taken as 1.0).

**[117:112]** - In 1872, Waynmon Dixon was opening the shafts of
the Queen's chamber, which originally stopped 5 inches short of the
final block in the walls of the Queen's Chamber. In the northern
shaft, he found three items: a rough stone sphere, a small two pronged
hook made out of some metal, and a fine piece of cedar wood some 12"
long with some strange notches cut into it. These were sent to England
a short time later and were lost until 1993, when they were re-located
in storage in the British Museum. The wood, however, was missing.

click on thumbnail for the large shot

**[68:173]** - Sixty-five meters up the
southern shaft of the Queen's Chamber is a miniature portcullis
slab discovered by a robotic camera in 1993. Attached are two
copper fittings, one broken. This area of the shaft is lined
with Tura limestone, which is typically used in pyramids only
for lining chambers.

**[18:103]** - In the King's Chamber all
of the stone joints are very tight except in the lower left-hand
corner of the west wall. Here the joints are larger than normal
and covered by mortar. This is a strong indication of an opening
to another chamber or passage. The Egyptian government has refused
requests for further exploration. See a diagram

**[18:104]** - In 1986 a French team using
microgravimeter equipment detected small hidden cavities behind
the west wall of the horizontal passage to the Queen's Chamber.
They were permitted to bore a 1" diameter hole and found
a cavity filled with sand. They were not permitted to dig or
tunnel for further investigation.

**[18:105]** - The cavities in the horizontal
passage to the Queen's Chamber correspond to two floor stones
in this passageway with joints perpendicular to the rest of the
joints in the floor stones. This type of indicator can also be
found at the junction of the descending and ascending passageways.

**[18:276]** - About 70 feet along the north
side of the Great Pyramid from the northeast corner is a 4x10
ft stone sunk into the foundation at an angle. The joints are
very precise and this is the only stone in the foundation perimeter
not at a right angle to normal construction. It would have been
covered by the mantle but is now accessible since the mantle is
gone. It is very likely an entrance. No further investigation
has been done. See a diagram

**[14:72]** - It has long been believed
that the Sphinx had subterranean tunnels leading to each of the
three major pyramids. In October, 1994, a passage leading to
a subterranean area beneath the Sphinx was re-discovered. Further
investigation is expected in February of 1995.

**[88:101]** - In 1987 a Japenese team used
an electromagnetic wave method to search for cavities in the Great
Pyramid. They identified a cavity under the horizontal passage
to the Queen's Chamber about 1.5 meters beneath and extending
for 2.5-3.0 meters in depth. They also identified a cavity behind
the western part of the northern wall of the Queen's Chamber.
They identified no cavities within the King's chamber, possibly
due to the denser granite walls. Three potential cavities were
identified in the area of the Sphinx.

**[117:117]** - In 1988 a Japanese team lead by Professor
Yoshimura detected a cavity off the Queen's Chamber passageway very
near to where the French team drilled in 1986. They also detected
a large cavity behind the NW wall of the Queen's Chamber and a sign
of a tunnel outside of the pyramid, which appeared to run underneath
the structure. Egyptian authorities intervened and halted the project.
The team has not been allowed to return to complete the project.

**[117:50]**
- In October of 1992, Professor Jean Kerisal was part of a team
conducting ground penetrating radar and microgravimetric measurements
in the Pit and horizontal passage connecting the bottom of the
descending passage. Results in the Pit were not conclusive **but
were extremely promising in the horizontal chamber.** A structure
was detected under the floor of the horizontal passage. A second
structures was detected on the western side of the passageway about
6 meters before the entrance to the chamber. Soundings seem to indicate
a vertical shaft 1.4 x 1.4 meters and at least 5 meters deep very
close to the western wall of the passage. This could be either a
natural chamber in the limestone or a completely separate passageway
system.

**[14:57]** - The information symbolized
within the Great Pyramid is repeated multiple times.

**[14:13]** - The ratio of the diagonal
of the pyramid's base to it's height = 9:10

**[14:14]** - The slope of the angle of
the pyramid's corners are in the ratio of 9:10

**[14:16]** - The length of the Antechamber
to the King's Chamber = 1/50th the height of the pyramid.

**[14:24]** - **Value of Pi: ** The perimeter
of the base divided by twice the height = Pi to 5 decimal places
{9131*4/5813*2 = 3.141579+}

**[18:126]** - The relationship of Pi between
the circumference and diameter of a circle was thought to have
been first reported in 300 B.C. by the Greek mathematician Archimedes.

**[70:140]** - **Value of Pi: ** The
perimeter of the north or south wall of the King's Chamber divided
by the length of the wall = Pi {(230.38+5.0+412.12)*2 / 412.12
= 3.14}

**[18:126]** - **Value of Phi:** - The
ratio of the apothem (face slant height) to half a base side =
Phi (1.618). Phi is another transcendental number like Pi which
has no exact value (approximate value = 1.6181818...). The unique
properties of Phi are that phi +1 = phi squared and also 1 + 1/phi
= phi. The Phi ratio is the basis for the Fibonacci sequence
1,1,2,3,5,8,13.,21,34... which was not generally publicized until
1200 A.D.

**[18:194]** - There is evidence that the
Egyptians had worked out a relationship between Pi and Phi of:
Pi = 6/5ths of (Phi)**2.

**[18:126]** - If the height of the pyramid
is taken as the radius of a circle, then the circumference of
this circle is the same as the perimeter of the base. This provided
the complimentary squaring of a circle and circling of a square.
The key to this relationship is knowledge of the value of Pi
and designing the angle of the pyramid to be exactly 51 degrees,
51 minutes, and 14.3 seconds.

**[14:18]** - The length of the King's Chamber
in __pyramid inches __used as the diameter of a circle produces
a circle with area equal to the area of the base of the pyramid
if that area is expressed in __Sacred Cubits__.

**[18:102]** - The Pythagorean relationship
represented by a 3-4-5 right triangle is displayed in the dimensions
of the King's Chamber. The east wall diagonal is 309", the
length is 412", and the long central diagonal is 515".
*However, the Pythagorean relation was not identified until
497 B.C.*

**[18:102]** - In the King's Chamber, the
stone over the entrance is the only stone in the walls that is
two courses high. It represents a 3-4-5 Pythagorean relationship
by its measure of 124"L x 93"H x 155" diagonal.

**[4:263]** - The coffer's mean length is
the same as the width of the King's Chamber minus the length of
the antechamber.

**[4:265]** - The external height of the
coffer is 1/10th the length of the King's Chamber.

**[4:266]** - The top of the coffer has
an inset to hold the lid. The inset forms a rectangle of 80.949+
PI by 34.244+ PI. The perimeter of this rectangle is the same
as the height of the King's Chamber {230.388 PI}.

**[70:109]** - The coffer's interior volume
is 1/2 of it's exterior volume.

**[11:151]** - The information encoded into
the Great Pyramid is repeated multiple times.

**[11:143]** - With the mantle in place,
the Great Pyramid could be seen from the mountains in Israel and
probably the moon as well. It's polished surfaces would have
reflected light like a beacon.

**[14:59]** - **Mean Earth Temperature:
** The average temperature of Egypt equals the average temperature
of earth = avg. temperature of Queen's Chamber = 68 degrees Fahrenheit.

**[102:122]** - With the original surrounding
courtyards and temples in place, the pyramid was used as a sundial.

**[14:9]** - The pyramid was used to indicate
solstices and equinoxes.

**[4:114]** - The pyramid is located at
29 degrees, 58 minutes, 51.06 seconds north latitude, and 31 degrees,
9 minutes, and 0.0 seconds east longitude.

**[4:111]** - **Marks Spring Equinox: **
Due to the angle of the sides of the pyramid vs. it's latitude,
it casts no shadow at noon during the spring equinox.

**[14:72]** - **Aligned True North: **
The Great Pyramid is the most accurately aligned structure in
existence and faces true north with only 3/60th of a degree of
error. The position of the North Pole moves over time and the
pyramid was probably exactly aligned at one time.

**[14:71]** - **Center of Land Mass: **
The Great Pyramid is located at the center of the land mass of
the earth. The east/west parallel that crosses the most land
and the north/south meridian that crosses the most land intersect
in two places on the earth, one in the ocean and the other at
the Great Pyramid.

**[4:5]** - **Tropical Year or Calendar
Year: ** The length of a base side is 9131 pyramid inches measured
at the mean socket level, or 365.24 pyramid cubits, which is the
number of days in a year. {9131/25 = 365.24, accurate to 5 digits}

**[14:3]** - **Tropical Year:** - The
perimeter of the base divided by 100 = 365.24, the number of days
in a year. {9131 PI * 4 / 100, accurate to 5 digits}

**[14:17]** - **Tropical Year: ** The
length of the Antechamber used as the diameter of a circle produces
a circumference of 365.242. {accurate to 6 digits}

**[4:251]** - **Tropical Year:** - The
length of the granite portion of the floor of the antechamber
to the King's Chamber times 2*sqrt(Pi) = 365.242

**[4:96]** - **Tropical Year: ** The
ratio of the lengths of the Grand Gallery to the solid diagonal
of the King's Chamber times 100 equals the number of days in a
tropical year. {(1881.5985600 / 51.516461) * 100 = 365.242200,
accurate to 8 digits}

**[4:222]** **Sidereal Year:** - The
length of the antechamber of the King's Chamber times Pi = length
of a sidereal year { 116.26471 PI * 3.14159 = 365.25636 days,
accurate to 8 digits}

**[4:5]** - **Sidereal Year: ** The length
of a base side at sidereal socket level is 365.256+ pyramid cubits.
{accurate to 6 digits}

**[4:94]** - **Synodical Month: ** The
"unit dimension" for the Queen's Chamber is 92.173077+
PI. The number of days in the moon's synodical month can be found
from: 10 * U.D. = 10 * Pi * SM - 6, where SM is the days and
6 represents "man's" number. {921.73077 = 10*3.14159*SM
- 6, SM = 29.5305882 days = 29days, 12hrs, 44min, 2.76 sec, accurate
to 9 digits}

**[4:97]** - **Synodical Month: ** Ten
times the ratio of the lengths of the Grand Gallery to the Horizontal
Passage equals the ratio of a tropical year to a synodical month.
{10 * (1881.5985600 / 1521.31136) = 1.236826733; 365.2422 / 29.5305882=
1.236826702, the same to 8 digits}

**[4:97]** - **Synodical Month: ** - The
ratio of the lengths of the Grand Gallery to the Ascending Passage
is 1/10th the ratio of the day's in the Bible's prophetic year
(360) to the days in the moon's synodical month. {1881.5985600
/ 1543.46451 = 0.1 * (360/SM), SM = 29.53059357+, accurate to
8 digits}

**[14:11]** - **Mean Distance to the Sun:**
The height of the pyramid times 10**9 = avg. distance to
sun. {5813.2355653 * 10**9 * (1 mi / 63291.58 PI) = 91,848,500
mi}

**[14:12]** - **Mean Distance to the Sun:**
Half of the length of the diagonal of the base times 10**6
= *average distance to the sun*

**[4:7]** - **Mean Distance to Sun: **
The height of the pyramid times 10**9 represents the mean radius
of the earth's orbit around the sun, or Astronomical Unit. {
5813.235565376 pyramid inches x 10**9 = 91,848,816.9 miles}

**[4:106]** - **Mean Distance to Moon:
]** The length of the Jubilee passage times 7 times 10**7 is
the mean distance to the moon. {215.973053 PI * 7 * 10**7 = 1.5118e10
PI = 238,865 miles }

**[4:267]** - **Sun's Radius: ** Twice
the perimeter of the bottom of the granite coffer times 10**8
is the sun's mean radius. { 270.45378502 PI* 10**8 = 427,316 miles}

**[14:19]** - **Earth's Polar Radius: **
The Sacred Cubit times 10**7 = polar radius of the earth (distance
from North Pole to earth's center) {25 PI * 10**7 * (1.001081
in / 1 PI) * (1 ft / 12 in) * (1 mi/ 5280 ft) = 3950 miles }

**[117,38]** - **Earth's Polar Radius: **
The Pyramid embodies a scale ratio of 1/43200. The height * 43200 = 3938.685
miles, which is the polar radius of the earth to within 11 mi.

**[11:153]** **Radius of the Earth: **
The curvature designed into the faces of the pyramid exactly matches
the radius of the earth.

**[117,38]** **Equatorial Circumference of the Earch: **
The Pyramid embodies a scale ratio of 1/43200. The perimeter of the base
* 43200 = 24,734.94 miles, which is within 170 miles of the equatorial
circumference of the earth.

**[14:21]** - **Precession of the Equinoxes:**
The sum of the pyramid's two base diagonals in PI = length
of the Precession of the Equinoxes (~25827 years)

**[14:22]** - **Precession of the Equinoxes:**
The distance from the ceiling of the King's Chamber to the
apex of the pyramid = 4110.5 PI. Which is the radius of a circle
whose circumference = the precession of the equinoxes. {4110.5
* 2 * Pi = 25827}

**[102:113]** - **Precession of the Equinoxes:**
The perimeter of the 35th course of blocks, which is much
thicker than any of the other courses, gives a figure for the
precession of the equinoxes.

**[14:23]** - **Speed of Earth around the
Sun:** - The pyramid inch times 10**8 = the speed of the earth
around the sun, circa 2600 B.C.

**[14:27]** ** Mass of the Earth: **
The weight of the pyramid is estimated at 5,955,000 tons. Multiplied
by 10**8 gives a reasonable estimate of the earth's mass.

**[11:153]** **Average Land Height: **
The average height of land above sea level for the earth is 5449
inches. This is also the height of the pyramid.

**[14:47]** - The pyramid suggests a temperature
system: 0 = freezing point of water, 50 = unvarying temp of Queen's
Chamber, 250 = boiling point of water. Given this, then 1000
= temp of red hot iron, 4000 = temp that iron liquifies, and 5000
= temp of white heat and temp that platinum fuses. Nice round
numbers.

**[39:45]** - 5 cubic pyramid inches of
earth of average density has the same mass as 1/(50x50) of the
coffer's volume of water at a temperature that is 1/5th the difference
between freezing and boiling.

**[39:90]** - On midnight of the autumnal
equinox in the year of the Great Pyramid's completion, a line
extending from the apex pointed to the star Alcyone. Our solar
system is thought by some to revolve around this star along with
other solar systems much like the planets revolve around our sun.

**[14:48]** - A line drawn on a map from
the apex of the pyramid to Bethlehem = angle of the Ascending
Passage and crosses the Red Sea at the most likely point that
the Israelites crossed when departing Egypt (Parting of the Red
Sea).

**[14:49]** - A line drawn on a map south
from the apex of the pyramid at the angle of the Ascending Passage
crosses Mount Sinai {Mt. Horeb} (Ten Commandments).

**[14:66]** - **North Star Pointer: **The
Descending Passage pointed to the pole star Alpha Draconis, circa
2170-2144 B.C. This was the North Star at that point in time.
No other star has aligned with the passage since then.

**[11:159]** - The 344 ft. length of the
Descending Passage provides an angle of view of only +/- 1/3 of
a degree. Alpha Draconis has not been in alignment for thousands
of years. The next alignment will be with the North Star, Polaris,
in about 2004 A.D. Polaris in Greek means "Satan".

**[68:172]** - The southern shaft in the
King's Chamber (45 deg, 00 min, 00 sec) pointed to the star Al
Nitak (Zeta Orionis) in the constellation Orion, circa 2450 B.C.
The Orion constellation was associated with the Egyptian god
Osiris. No other star aligned with this shaft during that Epoch.

**[68:172]** - The northern shaft in the
King's Chamber (32 deg, 28 min, 00 sec) pointed to the star Alpha
Draconis, circa 2450 B.C.

**[68:172]** - The southern shaft in the
Queen's Chamber (39 deg, 30 min, 00 sec) pointed to the star Sirius,
circa 2450 B.C. Sirius was associated with the Egyptian goddess
Isis and is also part of a unique ceremony practiced by the African
Dogon tribe.

**[68:172]** - The northern shaft in the
Queen's Chamber (39 deg, 00 min, 00 sec) pointed to the star Ursa
Minor, circa 2450 B.C.

**[68:124]** - **Pyramids mirror Orion
Constellation: ** The pyramid positions on the ground are a
reflection of the positions of the stars in the constellation
Orion circa 10,400 B.C. Five of the 7 brightest stars have pyramid
equivalents: The 3 great pyramids of Khufu, Khafra, and Menkaura
for the belt of Orion, the pyramid of Nebka at Abu Rawash corresponds
to the star Saiph, the pyramid at Zawat al Aryan corresponds to
the star Bellatrix. The only two missing star positions are for
Betelgeuse and Rigel.

**[4:17]** - **The Light Equation: **
The height of the Great Pyramid, minus the height of the capstone
represents one millionth the time it takes light to travel the
mean radius of the earth's orbit around the sun (1 astronomical
unit) using 1 pyramid inch equals 24 hours (mean solar day). {
(5813.2355653 - 103.0369176) / 10**6 = .0057101986+ days = 493.36116
seconds = 8 minutes, 13.36 seconds }

**[14:45]** - **Pyramid as a crystal:**
If the pyramid were a clear crystal or glass prism, it would
reflect sunlight at an angle of about 26.5 degrees. {the descending
passing has an angle of about 26.30 degrees}

**[4:19]** - **The Velocity of Light:**
With distance of one A.U. known and the transit time of light
for this same distance the velocity of light can be found. { 91,848,816.9
miles / 493.36+ seconds = 186,169.5 miles/sec }

**[4:26]** - **The Constant of Aberration
of Light:** - The telescope adjustment due to the speed of the
earth as it moves through space when viewing stars. It is measured
as an angle of tilt and is 20.2608+ seconds of arc. The difference
in width between the upper Grand Gallery and Ascending Passage
as measured from an axial line through the center is 20.26 pyramid
inches.

**[4:30]** - **The Sun's Parallax: **
The size of the earth as viewed from the Sun and expressed as
an angle and generally taken to be 1/2 the diameter at the equator
(Solar Equatorial Parallax) is 8.9008091 seconds of arc using
91,848,817 miles as the mean distance to the sun and 3963.4914
miles as the equatorial radius. The distance between the mean
socket level and the height of the leveled bedrock is 8.9008 PI.

**[4:258]** - **Earth's Volume: ** The
product of the pyramid's volume and density times 10**15 equals
the ratio of volume to density of the earth. {10,339,823.3 cubic
cubits * 0.4078994 * 10**15 = 4.21760772 x 10**21 cubic cubits
= 259.93 x 10**9 cubic miles}

**[4:266]** - **Earth's Mass: ** Mass
of the pyramid = volume * density = 10,339,823.3 cubic cubits
* 0.4078994 earth density = 4,217,497. The mass converted to
pyramid tons = 4217607.72 * 1.25 = 5,272,010 pyramid tons. Since
the mean density of the earth was defined as 1.0, then the mass
of the earth is 10**15 times the mass in pyramid tons = 5.272
x 10*21 pyramid tons = 5.99 x 10**24 kg

**[4:275]** - **Gaussian Constant of Gravitation
(k): ** The reciprocal of the distance between the Coffer and
the north or south wall of the King's Chamber, minus one ten-billionth
the bottom perimeter of the Coffer. {(1/58.13235 PI) - ((89.6578860+38.67063162
PI)*2 / 10**10) = 0.017202100 radians = 3 degrees, 5 minutes,
46.96 seconds of arc}

**[39:46]** - The word "pyramid"
is from the Coptic "pyr" meaning division, and "met",
meaning ten, "the division of ten".

**[14:29]** - The difference between the
distance of a straight line from corner to corner of the base
and the curved line of the concave face is 286.1022, the Displacement
Factor (DF)

**[14:30]** - The ceiling of the Grand Gallery
is 286.1 PI higher than the ceiling of the Ascending Passage.

**[14:31]** - The perimeter of the base
formed by the platform of the missing capstone = 2861 PI

**[14:32]** - The center axis of the Great
Step is located 35.76 PI east of the vertical axis of the pyramid.
35.76 *8 = 286.08

**[14:33]** - The square base has a small
depression halfway along each side of 35.76 PI deep. 35.76 *
8 = 286.08

**SEVENTEEN and 153**

**[14:50]** - The first four digits of DF
(286.1022) add up to 17, the number of steps up to the entrance
of the pyramid.

**[14:51]** - The sum of the digits from
1 to 17 = 153, a number which appears multiple times in the pyramid.

**[14:52]** - Jesus's public ministry lasted
918 days. (153 * 6)

**[14:53]** - The number of fish caught
by Jesus's disciples was 153. {*John 21*}

**[14:54]** - The Grand Gallery is 153 feet long.

**[14:55]** - If the 17 steps up to the
entrance were continued to the peak there would be 153 steps.

**[14:56]** - The center seam of the floor
in the King's Chamber corresponds to March 4-5, 1945. The bombing
of Hiroshima occurred 153 days later.

**FIVES**

**[39:45]** - There are 5 sides to a pyramid
and 5 corners.

**[39:45]** - There are 5x5 pyramid inches
in a Sacred Cubit.

**[39:45]** - The floor of the Queen's Chamber
is on the 25th (5x5) course of blocks.

**[39:45]** - The floor of the King's Chamber
is 5x5 courses higher than the Queen's Chamber.

**[39:45]** - The niche in the wall of the
Queen's Chamber is 5x3 ft. high, it is corbelled with 5 stories,
the top is 5x5 inches across, and the inner edge is 5x5 inches
from the perpendicular center of the wall containing the niche.

**[39:45]** - The King's Chamber has 5 courses
of stone in each of it's 4 walls, and a total of 5x5x4 total stones
in it's walls.

**[39:45]** - The King's Chamber has 5 chambers
above it.

**[39:45]** - The coffer in the King's Chamber
has 5 solid sides.

**[39:45]** - The King's Chamber is 5x10
times the volume of the coffer.

**[39:45]** - 5 cubic pyramid inches of
earth of average density has the same mass as 1/(50x50) of the
coffer's volume of water at a temperature that is 1/5th the difference
between freezing and boiling.

**[39:45]** - The coffer's interior volume
is 50*50*50 cubic pyramid inches times 5.7, divided by 10. (5.7
is mean earth density)

**SEVENS**

The number 7 figures prominently in the Book of Revelation.

**[39:88]** - The height of the Grand Gallery
is 7 times the average height of the other passages.

**[39:88]** - The Grand Gallery has 7 overlapping
courses forming its sides.

**[39:88]** - The Jubilee passage is 1/7th the length of the horizontal
passage to the Queen's Chamber.

**[39:88]** - The Queen's Chamber is a 7 sided room (gable roof is 2 sides)

**[39:88]** - The volume of the peaked area
of the Queen's Chamber above the walls is 1/7th the volume of
the rest of the chamber from the floor to a level equal to the
ceiling of the passageway which enters the chamber.

**SIMPSON PROPORTIONS OF KING's CHAMBER**

**[4:12]** - If we use a "unit dimension"
for the King's Chamber of 103.03 PI, which is the length of the
granite portion of the floor in the Antechamber to the King's
Chamber measured north to south and also the theoretical height
of the missing capstone, then the dimensions of the King's Chamber
exhibit some interesting relationships:

measure | whose square is | |
---|---|---|

width | UD * 2 | 4 |

height | UD * 223607 | 5 |

length | UD * 4 | 16 |

end diagnonal | UD * 3 | 9 |

floor diagonal | UD * 4.472 | 20 |

side diagonal | UD * 4.583 | 21 |

solid diagnonal | UD * 5 | 25 |

sum of squares | 100 |

**[70:184]** - The square of UD = the area of the four external sides of the coffer.

**[70:184]** - One third of UD = the depth of the coffer.

**[70:184]** - The square of UD divided by 2 Pi = the height of the coffer squared.

**[4:92]** - If we use a "unit dimension"
for the Queen's Chamber of 92.173077+ PI, then the dimensions
of the Queen's Chamber exhibit some interesting relationships:

height = UD * 2 whose square is: 4

width = UD * 2.2360679+ whose square is: 5

length = UD * 2.4494897+ whose square is: 6

end diagonal = UD * 3 whose square is: 9

floor diagonal = UD * 3.1622776+ whose square is: 10

side diagonal = UD * 3.3166247 whose square is: 11

solid diagonal = UD * 3.8729833+ whose square is: 15

------------------------------------------------------

sum of squares of all 7 dimensions = 60

gable height = UD * 2.6457513+ whose square is: 7

**[11:161]** - When years are substituted
for inches, the passages of the Great Pyramid become a prophetic
calendar.

**[11:161]** - The start of the Great Pyramid's
construction was 2623 B.C.

**[11:160]** - The only markings in the
pyramid are in the Descending Passage at 482 PI inches from the
pyramid face. This represents the last year the Pole Star was
aligned with the passage, 2141 B.C.

**[83:225]** - The start of the construction
of the Great Pyramid is recorded at 2523 B.C. via a scribed mark
on the wall of the descending passage perpendicular to the floor
of the passage. All other stone joints in the passage are vertical
to the horizon.

**[39:85]** - The start of the construction
of the Great Pyramid is recorded at circa 2170 B.C. via a scribed
mark on the wall of the descending passage.

**[11:160]** - 1170 PI (years) from the
construction start date to the point where the Ascending Passage
meets the Descending Passage.

**[11:161]** - 1485 PI (years) from junction
of Ascending/Descending passage to start of the Grand Gallery.

**[11:165]** - 1881-1/3 PI (years) in length
of Grand Gallery.

**[14:43]** - The ancient Hebrews used units
of measure that were the same length as the pyramid inch and Sacred
Cubit.

**[14:35]** - Red Granite appears in the
pyramid apparently to mark special events in conjunction with
prophetic events related to the Jews.

**[11:159]** - The red granite is fairly
rare and identical with that of Mt. Horeb {Mt. Sinai}, the mountain on which
Moses is said to have received the Ten Commandments.

**[14:36]** - The empty coffer in the King's
Chamber is made of red granite.

**[4:251]** - A portion of the floor in
the Antechamber to the King's Chamber is red granite and corresponds
to the "unit dimension" of the King's Chamber.

**[14:64]** - A red granite stone, triangular
in shape, appears on a false door at the intersection of the Ascending
and Descending passages. This corresponds to the prophecy year
of circa 1486 B.C. (*Hebrews depart Egypt under Moses*)

**[14:37]** - The cubic capacity of the
coffer = same as *Ark of Covenant* made by Moses {Exodus
25}

**[70:272]** - The Ark of the Covenant was
2.5 x 1.5 x 1.5 Sacred Cubits. Guessing the thickness of the
sides as 1.8 PI gives a volume of 71,282 cubic pyramid inches
vs. the volume of the coffer of 71250 cubic pyramid inches.

**[14:20]** - The pyramid inch and sacred
cubit are found as raised images on a red granite plaque at the
entrance to the Antechamber of King's room.

**[14:34]** - The length of the diagonals
of the floor of the Antechamber are 666 PI. {Revelation 13, *mark
of the Beast*}

**[14:76]** - There were 144,000 casing
stones {Revelation 7, *servants of God given seals during the
apocalypse*}

**[83:225]** - Birth of Adam, 4128.25 B.C.

**[11:161]** - Exodus of Israelites from
Egypt, 1453 B.C. {junction of Ascending & Descending passages}

**[83:226]** - Birth of Jesus, Sept. 29,
2 B.C. {intersection of Queen's Chamber floor level with Ascending
Passage}

**[4:160]** - Birth of Jesus, about autumnal
equinox, 2 B.C.

**[83:226]** - Baptism of Jesus, Oct. 14,
29 A.D.

**[36,161]** - Baptism of Jesus, Oct. 5,
29 A.D.

**[83:226]** - Crucifixion of Jesus, April
3, 33 A.D. {beginning of Grand Gallery}

**[11:161]** - Start of WWI, 1914 A.D. {end
of Grand Gallery}

**[117,101]** - On May 26th, 1837, J. R. Hill, working for Howard Vyse, was
clearing the exit point for the southern airshaft of the King's Chamber where
it exited at the 102nd course. After removing two outer tiers of stone, an
**"Iron Plate"** was found wedged between some inter stone joints. The
plate was roughly 12" x 4" and 1/8" thick. This iron could prove that the
Iron Age of Egypt, currently placed at no earlier than 650 B.C. could actually
predate that time by 2000 years! This iron plate is now in the British Museum.

[117,106] - Optical and chemical tests were finally performed some 108 years
later in 1989 on the iron plate. The results reported by the metallurgical
experts were that the metal was iron, not of meteoric orgin, that was formed
by smelting at between 1000 and 1100 degrees Centrigrade. There were traces
of gold on one face of the plate, as if it had at one time been gold plated.
The evidence, the report concluded, would suggest that the iron plate had
indeed been in place since the Pyramid was built.

**[14:10]** - The pyramid is the only remaining
structure of the 7 wonders of the ancient world.

**[14:5]** - The polished surfaces of the
original mantle reflected heat, sunlight, and moonlight and was
probably used as to aid Nile river navigation at night.

**[18:23]** - Forty-two pharaohs built pyramids.
The great pyramid was built during the reign of Khufu, also known
as Cheops. He was the first pharaoh of the IVth dynasty, 2789-2716
B.C.

**[18:269]** - Of the nearly 100 pyramids
built by 42 pharaohs, only the partial remains of 8 pharaohs have
ever been found, and only 23 sarcophagi have been found.

**[18:61]** - The pharaoh Khufu reigned
for 23 years from 2789 to 2767 B.C.

**[14:69]** - No Pharaoh's body, treasure,
or treasure chamber was ever found in the Great Pyramid.

**[70:100]** - Khufu and Cephren are reported
to have commanded friends to bury them in an obscure place. The
people were exasperated against them by reason of the burden of
the construction work, and for their cruelty and oppression, and
threatened to tear their bodies to pieces after their deaths.

**[70:100]** - Another report is that Khufu
was buried in an underground tomb which was flooded by the spring
Nile. Such a tomb exists approximatley 1000 ft. to the southeast
of the Great Pyramid.

**[18:71]** - There is only one known statue
of Khufu, a small 3" high ivory statuette.

**[83:87]** - No mummy has ever been found
in a pyramid in Egypt. Mummies have always come from mastabas
or tombs in the Valley of the Kings.

**[18:23]** - The word "pharaoh"
is from the Hebrew interpretation of the Egyptian "per aa",
originally meaning "the great house".

**[11:167]** - The word "pyramid"
is composed of the Greek words "pyra" meaning fire,
light, or visible, and the word "midos" meaning measures.

**[83:90]** - Between 1300-1700 A.D. mummy
flesh was ground into powder and used in Europe as medicinal aids.

**[83:91]** - Mummy powder has also been
used for artist paints.

**[83:91]** - Mummy wrappings were at one
time used to make paper and burned in fireplaces by poor Egyptians.

**[14:68]** - The pyramids of Giza are among
the oldest man-made structures in existence.

**[68:13]** - Egypt was conquered by Alexander
the Great in 332 B.C.

**[68:15]** - The Greek (Egyptian) names
of the pharaohs who ruled during the construction of the 3 great
pyramids are: Cheops (Khufu), Chephren (Khafra), Mycerinos (Menkaura).

**[68:13]** Cleopatra was the last pharaonic
ruler of Egypt before it fell to Rome in 30 B.C.

**[11:157]** - The first recorded forced
entry into the Great Pyramid was by the Arab Abdullah Al Manun,
caliph of Baghdad, in 820 A.D.

**[102:63]** - Initially, after the 5 chambers
above the King's Chamber were opened, those that entered the 2nd
chamber were turned black by a powder which existed only in that
chamber. It was analyzed and determined to be the dust from the
cast off shells and skins of insects.

**[18:17]** - Most pyramids were accompanied
by smaller satellite pyramids usually built to the south and east
of the main pyramid. Some were tombs for queen's and princesses.
Most of the structures were mastabas built to entomb the pharaoh's
family, members of royalty, and the priestly class.

**[18:271]** - In nearly all of the pyramids
and tombs, it was a general practice that the burial chamber was
oriented slightly west of the north/south center line of the pyramid.

**[14:41]** - In ancient Egypt, Pharaoh's
wives were never buried with them in pyramids or tombs, they were
buried separately.

**[18:25]** - Pharaoh's had 5 different
names.

**[70:108]** - According to burial custom,
the use of the stone coffer in the King's Chamber for burial would
have required the engraving of the deceased's name, titles, deeds,
and history on the inside and out.

from: __McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia
of Astronomy__, 1982, ISBN 0-07-045251-2

`Aberration of Light = 20.496 seconds
of arc`

`Average Days in Calendar Year
= 365.2425 days (400 year leap-year cycle)`

`Light Year = 5.879 x 10**12 mi`

`Mass of the Earth = 5.975 x 10**24
kg = 6.586 x 10**21 tons`

`Mean Distance from Sun = 149,597,870,000
meters = 92,937,200 mi.`

`Mean Distance to Moon = 238,247
mi`

`Mean Earth Velocity = 66,600 mi/hr`

`Mean Earth Density = 5.53 g /
cu. cm = 90.620464 grams / cu. inch`

`Mean Earth Equatorial Radius =
6378.160 km = 3969.96 miles`

`Mean Earth Polar Radius = 6356.775
km = 3956.65 miles`

`Mean Sun Radius = 6.960 +/- .001
x 10**5 km = 432,470 mi.`

`Moon Synodical Month = 29.5305882
days`

`Precession of Equinox = 25,800
years (approx)`

`Sidereal Year = 365.25636 days`

`Tropical Year = 365.24220 days`

from: __Science and Technology Desk
Reference__, 1993, Gale Carnegie Library

`Mean Circumference of Moon = 6790
mi`

`Mean Circumference of Earth =
24902 miles at equator, 24860 miles at poles`

`Mean Distance to Moon = 238,857
mi`

`Mean Diameter of Moon = 2159 mi`

`Mean Diameter of Earth = 7926
miles at equator`

`Mean Distance from Sun = 92,955,900
mi`

`Moon Sidereal Month = 27.32166
days`

`Velocity of Light = 186,282 mi/sec`

from: __Physics__, 1966, D. Halliday
& R. Resnick, ISBN 0-471-34524-5

`Mean Radius of Earth = 6.37 x
10**6 m = 3960 miles`

`Mass of earth = 5.98 x 10**24
kg`

`Density of water (@ 20 deg. Celsius)
= 1.00 x 10**3 kg/ cu. meter`

`Pi = 3.14159 26535 89793 23846+
`

__Derived Values from Reference Constants:__

`Mean Earth Radius = (3969.96 +
3956.65) / 2 = 3963.305 miles`

`Earth Surface Area = 4 * Pi *
(3963.305 mi)**2 = 197,389,867 sq. mi.`

`Earth Volume = 4/3 * Pi * (3963.305
mi)**3 = 260.772 x 10**9 cubic miles.
`

Tim

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